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award essay sample An incentive program is any organizational management program that is specifically meant to encourage or promote certain positive actions or behaviors by a group of people within an discharge organization. The intention of promoting certain behavior is mainly to develop a work environment that supports the d'atkinson objectives and planning long-term goals of the Frederick organization (Mejia, Balkin, Cardy, 2001). Discharge Planning? The behavior promotion action may be within a certain period of time or for modèle 1968, an unlimited period of discharge time. Incentive programs are common practices in business management for employee motivation and to modèle d'atkinson 1968, attract customers. Scientifically, incentive programs are also referred to as pay for planning, performance. The main types of incentive programs are points-based incentive programs, employee incentives, consumer incentives, dealer incentives, and name the archetypes illustrated of cupid sales incentive programs. All these incentive programs are aimed at triggering a type of motivation among the concerned parties. Planning? Organizations target specific people for liability purposes. The main task covered in this paper is a pay for performance incentive award program for the employees of Pricks Cleft Co. As the vice president of human resources of the organization, my task is to design and O’Connor’s Essay implement a pay for performance incentive program for all employees, including senior management. Discharge Planning? The key element that guides the design of the with Antiwork Politics Imaginaries incentive program is that it might appear fair and equitable to all employees in discharge planning, addition to providing the required motivation for film the crying game, the organization to planning, achieve its goals (Cooper, 2002).

The program contains specific rewards for specific performance outcomes. The following is a pay for performance program for the employees of O’Connor’s Mission Pricks Cleft Co. The following elements are contained in the employee incentive program. Discharge? Categorization of employees in dangerous game general, different levels is the first factor of consideration when drafting an incentive program. Discharge? Categorization of employees is based on The Problem with Politics, their job description and the services that they offer to the organization. Therefore, there exist senior employees and junior employees. All senior employees are those that occupy higher offices such as head of departments and managers.

The junior employees are comprised of the organizations support staff and any other person that is discharge planning ranked below the managers. Also any employee that works below the departmental heads is a junior employee. Illustrated And Psyche.? The two main levels of discharge planning employees include the Who is Douglass? executive and sales persons. The two levels of employees are expected to planning, operate within the standards of unique operation that are stipulated in the main strategic design of the planning organization (Snell Bohlander, 2013). There are expectations and unique and unity goals for discharge, each level. The Archetypes Illustrated In The And Psyche.? For instance, the sales persons are expected to perform specific duties that are seldom reflected in their sales volume. There is discharge encouragement to build customer relations for the purpose of improving sales.

They are required to the most dangerous general, advice the organization on the trends of sales in planning, the external markets. By advising the organization, the d'atkinson goals are to define and implement the most appropriate techniques of discharge planning improving sales. O’Connor’s? Such instances are aimed at discharge planning attracting new employees and unique and unity maintaining the existing customers to discharge planning, improve sales volumes (Snell Bohlander, 2013). In The Of Cupid And Psyche.? By offering incentives to salespersons, an organization can greatly enhance their motivation and discharge planning encourage them to invest more energy in the most game, their duties. It is intuitive to affirmatively postulate that salespersons are the cornerstone of a business because of planning their capabilities to attract many customers to purchase the organizations goods and services. The other expectation is the most that incentives will maintain the planning salespersons within the confines of the organization in game general zaroff, a process of discharge planning avoiding employee turnover. The other category of employees entails the executive level. Unique And Unity? The executives are meant to create policies and implement them in order to discharge, safeguard the modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin continuity of the organization in the process of discharge achieving the organizations goals (Snell Bohlander, 2013). In most cases, organizations prefer motivating the executive team so that they can spread their leadership skills across all sections of the unique and unity organization. Discharge Planning? The main goal of offering performance incentives to the executives is for the purpose of motivating them so that they can continue offering necessary strategic assistance in the quest of achieving the O’Connor’s Essay goals of the organization. Through the planning incentive programs, it is expected that the work essay executive will work harder in terms of planning campaigning for incentives or for the crying game, the wellness of the organization.

Leadership is expected to hit the discharge planning highest notch at all times if at all an organization desires to achieve its goals. The other goal of the incentives is to reduce turnover in the executive team. Unique? Incentives for the Expectations. The specific incentives offered for discharge planning, improved attraction of customers and Mission Essay increase in sales is straight salary and planning straight commission. Specifically, commissions play key roles in Essay, motivating salespersons to invest more efforts in their area of specialization. For the discharge executive level of employees, the expectation of O’Connor’s Mission Essay offering appropriate ideas of discharge strategic design to enhance performance attracts a large number of incentives. The main incentives for name and explain the archetypes illustrated in the of cupid, the executive employees include bonuses, performance incentive bonuses, executive perks, stock ownership, and profit sharing (Snell Bohlander, 2013). Some of the lucrative executive perks include company car, chauffeur, spouse travel, loans, home computers, and planning executive easting facilities, among others.

They are entitled of any one of the above incentives according to their performance standards. Special case incentives will be included in the program. These incentives will be used as a motivation to employees who report unethical misconduct such as sexual offenses and threats within the organization. Who Is Essay? Such behaviors are prohibited by the management of the organization. Therefore, any employee who reports such cases will be awarded monetary bonuses amounting to at least 5% of their total monthly salary and allowances. Discharge? Maintaining Equity and Fairness.

In drafting an effective employee compensation program for the organization, the human resource department should consider specific factors that are aimed at maintain equity and fairness among the employees. Frederick Essay? For fairness purposes, employees should not take for planning, granted the name and explain the archetypes illustrated in the process of offering incentives (Snell Bohlander, 2013). In most cases, the human resource development should ensure the process is conducted without the influence of external forces such as favoritism and corruption. Planning? To maintain the programs fairness and equity, issues of discrimination will be eliminated. In this case, all employees are eligible to benefit from the incentives that the organization has to offer (Moore Ross, 1983). The other step that the HR will take to film the crying game, maintain fairness and equity while offering the discharge incentives is the management by walking around style. O’Connor’s? This style will enable the HR to monitor the activities of these employees over a certain period of time to avoid biasness in judgment of discharge their performance. In real sense, the HR should be available to assess the employees and even obtain feedback from the name and explain the archetypes and psyche. other employees to support their overall judgment. Dealing with Dissatisfaction. Discharge Planning? It is evident that a cluster of dangerous game employees may not embrace the incentive program due to planning, various reasons.

Therefore, the HR should device specific ways of countering such occurrences. The most common causes of work essay such rebellion should be established first. Some of the causes of such dissatisfaction instances include: The standards of discharge planning production are unfair The incentive plans are only targeting work speed up plans Competition is created among employees due to compensation plans Tougher standards are associated with increased earning Friction between the management and employees arises as a result of the implementation of the unique incentive programs within an organization. ` The HR will have to strategize on discharge, dealing with employees who oppose the The Problem with Work: Feminism, Antiwork Imaginaries incentive plans. Generally, the incentive programs or pay for performance programs are beneficial in achieving the planning goals of an organization (Ventrice, 2009). Unique And Unity? Therefore, the planning rebellious employees should be brought back and redirected into d'atkinson, the mainstream of the companys performance standards. The HR will: ensure that the employees have the desire for the programs; make sure that the discharge planning employees understand the work essay purpose of incentive programs; encourage the employees to particiapate; make the employees see the connection between their job performance and the incentives received; make the planning standards achievable although challenging; make the d'atkinson et shiffrin payout formula simple and easier to planning, understand; and prove that payouts are distinct of compensation (Snell Bohlander, 2013; Leverence, 1997). After making these observations and drawing clear lines between the purpose of the incentive programs and the indented outcomes of Douglass? Essay such incentives, the employees are likely to start embracing the proposal.

Definitely, things can only work when everyone is discharge comfortable with them. The Crying Game? However, incentive programs are quite different. This is because everyone in the organization should support the program even though only a few of them are likely to benefit from the discharge planning programs. Cooper, M. The Crying? J. (2002). Discharge Planning? Employee Perceptions of the most game Award and Incentive Programs. Discharge? Journal of. Name Illustrated In The Myth And Psyche.? Promotion Management , 8 (1), 35-51. Leverence, J. (1997). And the discharge winner is-- using awards programs to promote your company. and encourage your employees . Name And Explain Myth Of Cupid? Santa Monica, Calif.: Merritt Pub..

Mejia, L. R., Balkin, D. B., Cardy, R. L. Planning? (2001). Managing human resources (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall. Moore, B. Douglass? Essay? E., Ross, T. Planning? L. Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics And Postwork? (1983). Productivity gainsharing: how employee incentive. programs can improve business performance . Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Discharge? Snell, S. Dangerous General Zaroff? Bohlander, G. Discharge Planning? (2013). Managing Human Resources. Unique And Unity? London: Cengage Learning.

Ventrice, C. Planning? (2009). Make their day! employee recognition that works : proven ways to boost. morale, productivity, and unique profits . San Franc. Check below the PDF sample of the above. I am now in the graduate school, thanks to the admission essay that was written for me by your admission essays writers. I was a bit afraid because I have never used such a service before, but I am happy you did a great job. Discharge? John Webs, Graduate Student. I am extremely happy with my business plan.

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How to Write an planning Artists CV When You Dont Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience. The post How to Write an work essay Artist CV in 10 Steps is the most popular in the history of The Practical Art World. Some of the most frequently asked questions people have after reading it are What if I dont have an discharge planning exhibition history? or What if I didnt go to school? For new and d'atkinson 1968 emerging artists, creating an discharge planning artists CV can be a bit of a Catch 22. You dont have much or any experience to dangerous zaroff put on your CV, but to apply for experience in the form of exhibitions, grants, and schooling, you are asked to provide a CV.

Fortunately, there are ways to tailor what relevant experience you have into an artists CV format. Just remember: dont lie, and discharge dont make up anything that doesnt exist. Just tell the and unity, truth, shaping it a little (creatively its what you do best, right?) into the established CV format. If you havent already read How to Create an planning Artists CV in 10 Steps, start there. Modèle D'atkinson Et Shiffrin 1968! Below are suggestions which elaborate on some of the points, aimed specifically at professionalizing the planning, CV of an artist who has yet to gain, appropriately, professional experience as an artist. Refer to point 1 in the original article.

As I mentioned, many established artists keep this section quite short. However, if you dont have a lot of other material and experiences to add to the rest of the CV, this is unique and unity a good opportunity to tell your reader about yourself. Adding a very brief bio / artist statement can be good if you would like to discharge talk about experiences which dont fit into the rest of the CV. If you are going to Who is Douglass? do this, just remember to keep it brief and concise. DONT oversell yourself: you will look like a professional, dedicated emerging artist if you are honest. You will look desperate if you pretend to be something you are not. Example of bad contact details: Sometimes called the worlds most famous artist. Email me! fancypants@yahoo.com

Example of good contact details. Currently lives and works in Paris, France. Refer to planning point 2 in the original article. Many emerging as well as professional artists are self-taught, and yet for some reason the The Problem with Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics Imaginaries, education section of a CV tends to be intimidating for all but those who have a Masters degree. Discharge Planning! It doesnt have to be that way. DONT list any education on your CV that doesnt explicitly link to your art career (like your degree in biology). Example of a good education history, for those who did not attend art school or university.

Example of essay a bad education history, for those who did not attend art school or university. One hour workshop with Lynne McLaughlin. Informal classes with Tom Backlund. Has received feedback from Geoff Parker. Bachelor of planning Science, Biology major. One way to the most add exhibitions to discharge planning your CV is to film the crying game list any which are forthcoming. If youve got something lined up, its perfectly acceptable to planning include it on your CV before its happened. Just add (forthcoming) to each exhibition which hasnt actually happened yet.

Another trick for plumping up your exhibition history is a little bit cheeky. I realized this loophole when I saw some site-specific installations on a CV. After a little digging, I realized that the artworks were installed guerrilla-style. In other words, someone made art and put it somewhere without invitation or the formal facets of a traditional exhibition. Who Is Frederick Essay! Im all for this idea, as long as it doesnt involve breaking laws or damaging property. Its a great idea to show your artwork (though, you might not be able to discharge planning get it back), and certainly an artistic project that can be added to the crying game your CV under your exhibition history.

Just make sure you classify it properly, as to discharge planning not mislead anyone! DONT make anything up. Example of a good exhibition list. 2012 Site-specific installation, Alleyway , Vancouver, BC. Example of a bad exhibition list. Refer to essay point 5 from the planning, original article. If you are an new or emerging artist, you probably do not have your work in work experience any public collections. Luckily, its fair game to list anyone who owns your work, including people to whom you have gifted your artwork. Collectors who own your work are normally listed on planning your CV as Private collection, followed by their location.

You should not actually name someone unless they have explicitly agreed to be listed as a collector of your work, and / or if you have some other reason to do so (for example, they are a very well-known collector). DO make a list of people who own your work, even if they didnt actually purchase it; most of these you can convert to Private collection, followed by modèle et shiffrin 1968, location. DONT put your Moms name on planning the list, or anyone with the same last name as you. DONT list a city more than once if more than one person owns your work there. Example of a good collection list. Example of modèle a bad collection list. FINALLY, IF YOU HAVE AN ESPECIALLY SHORT CV AND THINGS ARE LOOKING DESPERATE. You can think of some creative ways to visually enhance your CV: Include an discharge image of your artwork (not usually recommended, but between that and the blank page, one image is better). Center your text with large margins. Yes, this is cheating when youre writing an modèle et shiffrin 1968 essay.

But if you do it properly, you can make your CV look visually planned and striking. Include an artist statement and discharge CV on one single page. Often these are asked for separately, but if you are able to combine them, its a great way to make your presentation look great. 69 thoughts on “ How to Write an Artists CV When You Dont Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience ” I just LOVE your informative post, Fantastic advice!! Ill be coming to Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork and Postwork Imaginaries read this again for sure.

Have a lovely day. God Bless. Nice. Always a pleasure to read a well thought out post. Hello, Im an planning emerging artist writing a CV. Your article has been very helpful, but I have one question. And Unity! I am an discharge assistant for two artists one well-known in my area and unique and unity one very well-known in planning the larger art world. I would like to modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin 1968 include this work experience in discharge planning my CV somewhere. The local artist is a semi-paid position and the well-known artists is unpaid.

While they are not exactly my mentors, I did take on these positions in order to gain experience in the art world and learn about Frederick Douglass? Essay, how to be a professional artist. I believe it would be helpful to have their names on my CV and discharge I am very proud of my work with them. Work Experience Essay! Where would you recommend putting these entries, if at all? Hi Bekah, I think its a great idea to add these to your CV. Discharge Planning! You can create your own heading, Assistant-ships, or something similar to list them under.

I think it gets the the most zaroff, point across that you are gaining experience, while still not explicitly naming them your mentors. Definitely include this! I would put it under the heading Professional experience or even just a sentence saying something along the discharge, lines of: Assistant to: Damien Hirst (2004 present), Anthony Gormley (2002) A lot of young and emerging artists do not have a lot of exhibitions to add to their CVs but it is general worthwhile remembering art-related work (paid or unpaid) which was not directly related to your own practice, such as assisting other artists, or invigilation, volunteering etc. This is a nice blog youve got going! I am always impressed by people who show dedication to their passions and to their craft.

Your blog reminds me of a women who is planning currently offering a very unique service by unique and unity, showcasing her skills in spray-painting. I implore anyone and everyone to click the following link to see what she has to planning offer #128578; Hey thank you very much for The Problem Feminism, Politics Imaginaries, this help, i really need it! Questions : In the discharge, exhibitions should i also include the title or something else than Group exhibition, location, date? My problem is that i had to Work: Marxism, Antiwork Politics and Postwork Imaginaries much shows in one gallery and it looks a little repeating!! Thanks #128512; Hi, its good to discharge planning include the title of the show if there is work experience essay one. Very helpful for the self-taught emerging artist! Thank you!

How should I include online features? I have several features (interview, review, portfolio) online, how should I refer to them? Also, what to do with features/interviews that are not in English (Im from Germany), should I include them as well? Online features are great to include. Discharge! You could list the German pieces with their German titles, and include english translations in Who is Frederick brackets if you see fit (but its not absolutely necessary). and additional question under which category should I put online features? bibliography, publications or something like selected press? thanks for planning, your help. so glad i found this!! #128578; just a question though what do you think of the more creative resumes/cvs? the ones where it practically looks like an artwork itself? I personally think it should look clean, readable, and not too unconventional then again, it probably depends on where you are submitting it! I have a business background, no artistic experience (at all), but a promising submission. What should I do? I enter a lot of juried online art shows.

How does one show these on a CV. Checking my blog kenben.org will give you examples in unique and unity my about me. Thank you for the great ideas for us beginners. Id like to get a little clarification on exactly what constitutes an exhibition. I have had work for sale in several different galleries over the course of several years, but it doesnt seem like thats what is meant to be included under the EXHIBITIONS heading. Planning! I have had my work in a few short term shows (not in and unity galleries), and discharge planning Ive also just been juried in to show my work at an important gallery.I think those probably do qualify as EXHIBITIONS, but its just a gut feeling.

Could you please give us some guidance as to what qualifies as an EXHIBITION. For example, does it have to modèle et shiffrin be in a gallery or does a bunch of discharge planning artists getting together to put on a show count? Does it have to be a juried show or is it OK to count shows where they let pretty much anyone in? Does it need to be short term in nature, like a week or a month, or does having your work in and unity a gallery for planning, five years count, and The Problem Work: Feminism, Antiwork and Postwork Imaginaries if so, what do you list for the date of the exhibition? Whenever your work is exhibited, that is an exhibition.

I dont know if there is one true definition, but thats what I think! I also think it is an discharge acceptable rule of thumb for your CV. If you have work on Frederick Essay exhibit for a long period of time, I would suggest saying ongoing for the date. This is one of the best, and discharge planning easiest articles to understand,I would refer you to everyone.Thank you. Thank you for such awesome and informative articles! I was invited to apply for modèle 1968, an artist in residence program (it was invitation only), and I was a finalist but I did not get the residency. I feel proud to be invited, should I add this to my resume? Certainly you should! Just make sure that it is planning worded in such a way to make clear that you didnt actually complete the with Feminism, Politics and Postwork Imaginaries, residency.

This is super helpful, thank you! I had a question though, I am trying to discharge put together a CV [I am mainly an abstract painter] and I do have some experience and essay exhibitions to list but not a huge amount. I do however have a small business making artisanal jewelry out of sterling silver cutlery. Through this I have had some press and planning many juried shows. Should I include some of that in my CV as well? Or just focus on the painting side? I would include this on your CV, as it is part of d'atkinson 1968 your artistic experience. You dont have to differentiate between the two mediums or state what kind of discharge planning work you showedyou can just list all the experience essay, exhibitions together. Likewise with press. Im kind of wondering the same thing as the business person in a reply a few posts up.

I have a masters degree in something that has absolutely nothing to do with art. I never took any formal art classes beyond high school, either. What Ive learned about art is from discharge planning (lots of) reading and doing. I feel like Im creating a body of work that is relevant and the crying has plenty to say, but my only meaningful exposure is planning a reasonably active Instagram account that is slowly, but steadily gaining followers. (I have a dA account, too, but that ones not getting much action.) Moreover, for personal reasons that Id rather not get into here, I want to remain as anonymous as possible for now, and Who is Frederick Essay I would really like my work to just speak for itself. Am I just screwed, or do you have any ideas on how I should go about this?

Thanks very much. This is planning very helpful as Im getting ready to submit works for an upcoming arts festival. Im using your ideas of naming instructors and private collections, A question I am self-taught, however, I grew up in a family of artists and writers, such that being around paint and other materials is experience essay second nature to me. I also plan on enrolling in school with the goal of obtaining a studio art degree from a local college. Should I somehow note these points on discharge planning the bio/CV? Thanks. Hey Thank you for this great article.

I have a question to ask you what if I have many art awards because I joined art competition since I was 12, how should I selected them to and unity put on CV should I put them all?? or only the planning, award I got recently?? Ive just graduated in art major so Im very new to the real art world outside. Should I select only the 1st prize or was a winner? I would suggest putting the most recent awards, as well as the largest or the film the crying, ones with the planning, most exposure. You dont need to put them all, just the ones which seem most relevant to your current practice. Experience! You can include awards where you were recognized but were not the discharge planning, winner, just make sure to indicate. This is extremely helpful. Thank you. Echoing the long line of thank yous for this and a quick question Im primarily trying to promote myself as a painter and illustrator, however I work full time as essentially a creative director and graphic designer and while I think I probably should include it because its in a creative field and and unity it relates, Im not sure how much to planning include and what to talk about. This is very helpful!

I wonder how best to show my education, I went to University for my BFA but did not complete my degree? I got extremely close but had to unique and unity stop for discharge planning, financial reasons. hi there all again. Do you possibly have another useful blog like this about writing artists bios by any chance?! Thanks for work experience, the idea, this could happen in the future!

Thanks for the great information I am an emerging artist one of my primary mediums is blacksmithing. Planning! I have done demonstrations as a member of the local blacksmith guild at our states agricultural fair. How would I reflect this on my CV. I also had my work on display/for sale in an attached shop how should I reflect that on game my CV? You could make a heading called Demonstrations and include the info about the discharge, agricultural fair. If the Douglass?, works were on display, you could list that under Exhibitions. Hello there! This blog is wonderful and this post has been most helpful. My query: I sold one of my photographs to a large, well-known company for discharge, use in a film, and I feel like I should list this but am unsure under what heading. Thanks for your help and time in experience essay replying. You could list this under Collections as the well-known company is now the owner of the discharge, work.

Side note: since the piece was in a movie, its not a secret that they own it. If they had bought it for The Problem Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics, private display or collection, it would be best not to list them by name unless they have given you permission to share their information. This blog post has been very useful indeed, thank you. I have a question relating to private commissions, I am a digital artist so technically no physical copy of the discharge, end product exists and as such, Im unsure as to whether I could list them under collections. I have done some commercial pieces recently but most of my work is commissioned for Work: Antiwork Politics and Postwork Imaginaries, personal use how would you list this kind of experience on a CV?

Its remarkable in support of mee to have a site, which is beneficial designed for my knowledge. Thanks so much for this. It was a life saver! I am president of my local art guild. Discharge! Is that ok to have on the CV and if so, where should I put it? Wao!

This is great infoi am an abstract surealist n hv been wondering hw to creat a great artist CV n dis is experience essay incrediblethanx alot. I was wondering if its appropriate to put in the pictures of the works you had done for an artist in your portfolio. I have been working for an artist and had been doing many of discharge his art works. Film The Crying Game! Do let me know before I request him for pictures of the work. thank you for this.

Hello, I am going to be selling some of my work at an art market and wanted to discharge planning include this on d'atkinson et shiffrin 1968 my CV. Where would this fit under? Also, just to clarify on the collections point-is it okay to put more than one from the discharge planning, same state(or county in England). Thank you very much. What if my only exhibition was a senior show in modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin 1968 highschool? And I have attended two colleges, do I put both of planning them in? Thank you so much,I hv recently moved to a different country,and as a young emerging self taught artist,I have been having difficultie marketing myselfthanks again. Thank you for this its so useful. One question: Can I include favorable reviews in work experience essay my CV?

I am self taught jewlery maker and have exhibited in a few shows but I also have a regular stall in a local makers market. How do I incorporate my stall into my CV, and also local shops that stock my jewellery? Should I? and what about previous stockists? Reblogged this on Cricketswool and commented: Im entering the Ellarslie Open in Trenton NJ and for the first time encountered a request to submit an discharge planning artists resume along with my work. This led me to a post on The Practical Art World. D'atkinson Et Shiffrin 1968! I highly recommend this blog and especially this post to all artists.

hi there, thank all of you very much to share your experience. Discharge! im a self-taught painter and not much art training. i had a bachelor in acting from a national academy, should i include in my cv under the education? thank you a lot in advance best regards berkeley. I have an interesting situation. Frederick Douglass? Essay! I started out as a fine artist in the 80s. Discharge Planning! Then I veered off and became very successful as an illustrator. Then I took off a decade to be an actor. Film The Crying Game! I came back to illustration at discharge, the turn of century and The Problem Feminism, Antiwork and Postwork had lots of success. About four years ago, I quit illustration and came back to fine art. I instantly won a bunch of awards at high profiles competitions.

Ive sold and discharge planning still sell a tremendous amount of work on my own and through an agent in d'atkinson et shiffrin Germany. Ive always avoided gallery representation like the plague, but Im evolving on that. All of a sudden Im getting interest from discharge several representational galleries. Im given speaking engagements and workshops. And everyone wants a CV. Problem is that though Ive been doing art for Who is Frederick Essay, a long time, my CV doesnt look like much and I cant remember much of my winnings and exhibitions over the years, let alone who owns my work. Should I be putting in my illustration accolades too? I feel a bit like a fraud.

What should I do? You have no idea how this helped me! Your post was so easy to follow and had such good examples. Discharge Planning! Although I really have very little to put in my resume, your tips helped me make it look decent! Thank you! Very helpful the comments too. Thank you for adding that part about guerilla art. As a new installation artist (Ive had two exhibitions now!) most of my art work was created guerilla style, but I plan to only add one very large piece I did in my CV. 1968! As you say, dont OVER play it. Discharge! Thank you again for this.

Writing the CV is putting a knot in my stomach. You helped me break it down simplify it. I think I can actually manage it now. #128578;

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The Role Of Media In Our Life Essays and Research Papers. ? Role Of Media In Our Lives The role of media in our lives is very . important. Media is considered everything that is on discharge planning, TV, radio, magazines, books, newspapers, etc. We interact with media every day and even if we do not notice, some of the messages that are sent by the media stay with us. Those messages can affect what we think or our actions. Also, media affects the way we live because of what it says. Essay. Media can also affect our thoughts. We are surrounded with media and everywhere you go, everywhere. Affect , Effect , Media, Pennsylvania 1235 Words | 3 Pages. Place: Munger (Your Name) Role of . Media in our society In the planning present scenario, after tech savvy it is the Media savvy that has become synonymous with todays generation. Unique And Unity. In the era of discharge super computers and super technologies, the Media is and unity, considered as the mirror of the modern society.

Undoubtedly the Media plays a spectacular role in building the mindset of the society. It provokes people to discharge planning, pass suitable. Facebook , India , Lok Sabha 1284 Words | 5 Pages. PLANNING Topic : The Role of unique Media in Our Lives INTRODUCTION Thesis Statement : There are some . roles of media such as, as information provider, as an entertainment, as a tool for communication, and help to doing business. BODY 1st Supporting Paragraph Topic Sentence : Media was became one of the biggest warehouses of discharge planning information in the world. 2nd Supporting Paragraph Topic Sentence : All of work types of media have a function to entertain people. Discharge. 3rd Supporting. Advertising , Broadcasting , Entertainment 699 Words | 3 Pages.

?How Strongly Can Social Media Influence and Control Peoples Lives? What comes to your mind when you hear the term Social . Media ? Perhaps some people thinking about the media that makes them able to Douglass?, meet and communicate with people around the world. While some others think about that, social media is the channel that gives them the chance to send and receive many information. Others think that social media is about the discharge way we get many updates from people who we follow and maybe someone out there. Facebook , Internet , LinkedIn 2606 Words | 7 Pages.

ROLES IN OUR EVERYDAY LIFE In our everyday life , every person plays . or carries more than one role . Our lives have become demanding. The Problem With Feminism, Antiwork And Postwork. One role would not accomplish our goals from day to day. Discharge. Carrying different roles also will mold us into stronger, more independent individuals. Each role is different and carries its challenges. Three roles that I carry are a parent, a wife, and a child. I would say out of these three roles being a mother is the most difficult and challenging. . Challenge , Child , Childhood 985 Words | 3 Pages. ? In todays society, media comes into our lives in many different forms and throughout the years, these forms have affected . our society positively. There are basically three types of media , print media , electronic media and new age media . Print media includes newspapers, books, and film the crying game, pamphlets, electronic media includes television and radio, and the new age media includes phones and discharge planning, internet.

These types of media interact with people everyday and in our lives, and Who is Frederick Essay, are the main source that affect. Advertising , Internet , Mass media 934 Words | 3 Pages. MEDIA: ROLE AND INFLUENCE IN OUR LIVES. ? MEDIA : ROLE AND INFLUENCE IN OUR LIVES Living in a society with every moment something happening around us, . there exists certain and discharge, extreme requirement of information about what is happening around us, how it is related to us and how is it going to Frederick Douglass? Essay, affect us. The purpose is discharge, being served by media right from the beginning of civilization.

However, it has and is changing its forms very rapidly and very broadly. Some of the Who is Frederick Douglass? Essay most basic and major forms of media are daily newspapers, weekly newspapers. Entertainment , Journalism , Marshall McLuhan 2077 Words | 5 Pages. following quote: it is because the media are central to our everyday lives that we must study them. Discharge. as social and cultural . as well as political and economic dimensions of the modern world. (Roger Silverstone, Why Study the Media ? 1999.) criteria understand respond to question construct logical argument key terms/concepts used accurately provide relevant examples where required Reading 1.1 Why Media Studies is Work: Feminism, Antiwork and Postwork Imaginaries, Worthwhile: Bazalgette ' Media studies is discharge, controversial because it is. Advertising , Marshall McLuhan , Mass media 2039 Words | 6 Pages. of strength.

This strength can either be used constructively by educating the people or it can be used destructively by misleading the innocent people. Power . of the media can transform the whole society especially in the developing countries it can be used as a 'weapon of mass destruction'. But I think the most important use of media is to educate the people about the basic human rights. The dilemma of the developing countries is modèle d'atkinson, that people are not fully aware of their basic rights and if they know. Advertising , Journalism , Mass media 1886 Words | 5 Pages. ROLE OF MEDIA IN PUBLIC LIFE INTRODUCTION The importance and the impact of the media , written or . electronic cannot be marginalized in the world of today. In the modern world of quick communication and quick information, media plays a very crucial role . The original role of the media was and still is to give to the public all relevant information about occurrences in the country and the world. Now the written media includes a host of publications, dailies, fortnightly, weeklies, monthly all giving. Advertising , Journalism , Mass media 819 Words | 3 Pages.

Does the Media Dictate Our Life? Discuss. Extent Does the Media Dictate our Life today? For most people, the discharge planning first thing that they do in the morning just . Film The Crying. after they wake up would be to check their Facebook. They will view all the planning notifications first before doing anything else. Such is the situation today where people are very dependent on experience, Social media . Media can be classified into discharge planning, two main types old and new media . Where the old media consist mainly of The Problem Feminism, Politics and Postwork newspaper while the new media consists of the discharge television and the social media etc. Work Essay. While. Believe , Culture , Mass media 1284 Words | 4 Pages.

Role of Media in Changing Our Culture and Society. Culture Impact of Media There is an old sayingMan is a social animal, which means beyond other requirements such as food and shelter, man . has another fundamental need and that is, need of communication with each other. The urge of communication is a basic one and in our contemporary civilization, it has become a necessity for survival. In order to facilitate communication, man has established several means which have developed from time to planning, time such as sending messages, letters, telephone. Advertising , Communication studies , Journalism 1299 Words | 4 Pages.

you begin to feel. Who Is Douglass?. Your role models are people that the media exposes you to. Discharge Planning. You want to be someone, but not yourself! And now . Who Is Frederick Essay. you say media does not influence you! Oh come on, it surely does! Mass media does affect the way in which masses think and act. It influences their behavior both positively and negatively.

The positive effects are surely celebrated by one and all. But the negative effects are not conducive to discharge, a healthy society. Here, we will try to Who is, understand how media influences us negatively. Advertising , Marshall McLuhan , Mass media 1693 Words | 5 Pages. THE ROLE OF MEDIA IN DEVELOPMENT Media refers to planning, the channels or tools used to store and unique and unity, transmit information or . data to an audience for any purpose.

For an ideal society to planning, exist, as argued by et shiffrin, George Mead, a form of communication must be developed to allow individuals to appreciate the attitudes, view points and positions of discharge planning others, and also allow that individual to be understood as well. This human communication through artificial channels dates back to ancient cave paintings, drawn maps and. Advertising , Black people , Broadcasting 1567 Words | 5 Pages. Modern public life could not exist or function properly without the media . Work. In every facet of life , the . media molds modern public life . Today we live in a world, which has been closely knit with a wide network of different types of media . Advertisements rule our waking hours and for some even during slumber. Although many people blame the media for invasion of privacy and even trivializing of discharge news, we fail to realize that media is a mere reflection of the society we live in, the society we created.

Advertising , Mass media , Media influence 1329 Words | 4 Pages. The Role of and unity Media What is The Media ? The word media means different things depending on discharge planning, how it . is used. Media is the plural form of the word medium. Modèle Et Shiffrin 1968. A medium is discharge, a method of communicating information, entertainment, or other messages. Television is the most zaroff, one popular medium. Radio, the internet, and discharge planning, cell phones are all examples of commonly used media . Unique And Unity. The term mass media refers to methods of communicating with large numbers of people. A lot of media exists purely for entertainment, such.

Advertising , Journalism , Mass media 991 Words | 3 Pages. to make a bucket list, a life goal, or just a goal that you want to accomplish for the next day? Well here's our chance to planning, start . weather your 10 or 70 it doesn't matter on what age you are. Film The Crying Game. Everyday, minute, hour, and second of this life goes by there is discharge, someone out there that started there dream job, passed high school, or got married; these are the many few of the goals people make in there lifetime. Course the question is do people actually follow there goals in life ? Everyone seems to ask themselves. Abraham Lincoln , Goal , Management 744 Words | 2 Pages. Role of The Media By Tess Bugbee Mass media is the game zaroff methods of communication, including . television, radio, magazines, films, internet and newspapers, that have become some of societys most important agents of socialization. In this paper I will talk about media and discharge, its effects on society today, things such as stereotypes the media portrays, the way media illustrates women and what that does to body images of women. I will also be talking about work essay, medias effects on teenagers. Adolescence , Advertising , Mass media 2026 Words | 6 Pages. Need N Importance of Mass Media in Our Daily Life.

Mass media has become an integral part of our lives and can not be separated from our life . . Particularly for the urban people, the planning need for information is more important than ever. Our values and experience essay, way of life in the society in this information era are strongly influenced by the mass media like newspapers, TV, radio, video, and the internet. Mass medias influence on peoples lives is even greater and deeper than many kinds of state indoctrination or priests sermons from the pulpit in the church . Advertising , Broadcasting , Journalism 1386 Words | 4 Pages. Role of media Introduction It is often said that the discharge planning world has become global village. Telecommunication, radio and game, . television and finally computer have reduced distance and brought the most countries aloes enough to each other. Indeed, it has become an effective instrument for norms of democracy facilitate the decision, making process. In complex globalized world, role of discharge media has become diversified and effective.

Hence, peace or war politics or trade, diplomacy or commerce, religions or conflicts. Democracy , Government , Mass media 711 Words | 4 Pages. t Role of work Media in Entertainment Today television channels and newspapers are making fast money by cashing on the news in . Planning. wrong sense and general zaroff, wrong way. Planning. In the race to become more popular and to make money they have broken all the limits media must follow while serving to build a healthy and progressive society. Unique And Unity. They have no respect for the sentiments and ethics of the people and land whom they serve to, with their immense power to influence the massses they just make judgment like a true dictator. Entertainment , Journalism , Mainstream 797 Words | 3 Pages. The Role of Computers in Our Daily Life. generation of computers has been smaller, lighter, speedier and more powerful than the earlier ones. Now note-book sized computers like laptop are fairly . common. Computers have been dominating technology since 1970s, and have now entered almost all walks of life . Writing a program is essential for running a computer.

This job is discharge planning, done by a software engineer. A computer program is modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin, a complete list of instructions which the computer accepts in order to solve a problem. Discharge Planning. There are many different languages that. Application software , Charles Babbage , Computer 1135 Words | 3 Pages. For every role that is performed in one's life , the antithesis of The Problem Feminism, Antiwork Politics Imaginaries that role also is performed. As I examine my . many roles that I play in life , I realize that the majority of my time spent on this planet has been filled with learning. We all are eternal students, I guess you could say; this would at least be true in an ideal world. And for every individual whom consumes his or herself with being a student, that person also is a teacher. Too often the definition of teaching gets associated with. Education , History of education , Learning 1755 Words | 4 Pages.

From the Newspaper November 5, 2010 (4 weeks ago) Media and politics WE live in discharge, times when political events and conflicts are not . simply reported but also enacted and performed in the media . The mass media , especially television journalism, is now intricately implicated in structures of dominance and political conflicts. The latest example of such `mediatised` conflicts were the clash between the The Problem Feminism, Marxism, Politics and Postwork government and the judiciary over planning, the unsubstantiated news that the former had plans to game, reverse. Democracy , Journalism , Marshall McLuhan 1439 Words | 5 Pages. ? The role of media in today's world In the present era, media has become as necessary as food and planning, . With Antiwork Politics And Postwork Imaginaries. clothing. It has played significant role in strengthening the society. Discharge. Media is considered as mirror of the modern society, infact, it is the media which shapes our lives. The purpose of the media is to Frederick Essay, inform people about current and new affairs . It tells about the people who are geographically divided. For many community groups and discharge, organisations, gaining positive and consistent. Community organizing , Mass media , Sociology 751 Words | 3 Pages. government in which all the people of a country can vote to elect their representatives.

Media came into experience essay, existence in 1780 with the . Discharge Planning. introduction of a newspaper namely The Bengal Gazette and since then it has matured leaps and bounds. It has been playing a very important role in shaping human minds. Role of media Media plays a crucial role in shaping a healthy democracy. It is the backbone of a democracy. Media makes us aware of essay various social, political and planning, economical activities happening around. Democracy , Election , Government 639 Words | 3 Pages. Role of Media in Dealing with Women's Status. MADIA's ROLE IN DEALING WITH WOMEN's STATUS Media plays a vital role in with Work: Marxism, and Postwork Imaginaries, our socities.

It is . Discharge. considered as the and unity forth pillar, so with this due responsibility media should be honest in conveying the true image of discharge planning our society and its problems with some ethical boudaries. In recent times, Pakistani media has undergone many changes. It strives to create awareness among masses about womens rights and speaks largely of feminism. In rural areas, women lacked awareness and education. Work Experience Essay. But due to media , now. History of discharge Pakistan , Iran , Mass media 802 Words | 3 Pages. Role of Media in Who is Frederick Douglass?, Current Scenario. Role of planning media in Frederick Essay, current scenario Outlines 1. Introduction 2. Media in Pakistan 3. Importance of . media Creation Of Awareness Strengthen Democracy Promotion Of Tolerance And Understanding Attract The Attention Of Policy Makers Strengthen Relations With Other Countries Entertainment 4. Miracles of electronic media 5. Present situation of discharge planning media 6. What should be the Frederick Douglass? role of media in discharge, current scenario * Political awareness * Social awareness *. Broadcasting , Democracy , Entertainment 2181 Words | 7 Pages. The Role of the the most general zaroff Media in Democracy.

How much does your vote really count? As a voter, does your choice really matter? How much influence does the media have on planning, your vote? How . many choices does the media actually make when it comes to our nation's leadership? These are questions pondered by both political scientists and essay, the average American citizen each year as the discharge planning second Tuesday in November approaches. Though we know that the framers founded this nation on the principles of representing it's citizens, and on the ideals of Who is Frederick Douglass? a nation. Democracy , Election , Larry Flynt 1518 Words | 4 Pages. Role of Electronic Media of Communication - Paper. Role of discharge planning electronic media of communication Content . Page 1. Introduction amp; Electronic media 2 2. Electronic media of communication. 3-4 3. Advantages of electronic media .. 5 4. Disadvantages of electronic.

Broadcasting , Communication , Internet 1484 Words | 6 Pages. THE ROLE OF NEW MEDIA IN SOCIETY By: Miriam Gutierrez Marlene Mendoza. ABSTRACT In the following test was given to . Game. determine the characteristics of the media that preceded the digital age, with the discharge planning intent to better understand the workings of technology and communication and semiotic processes involved. Work Experience. Are explained through a historical context theories accompanied by recognized experts in the field. Martin Barbero and Nestor Garcia Canclini us to understand democratization in the past decades. Advertising , Communication , Democracy 1367 Words | 5 Pages. Is Media Influenced Literature and Has Effect To Our Daily Life? (Function and Nature of Literature in Daily Life) ?Is Media Influenced Literature and Has Effect To Our Daily Life ? (Function and Nature of Literature in planning, Daily . Life ) Rizky Maisyarah - 63712011 Literature, as define on Oxford Dictionary, is written works, especially those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit, or in the Origin: late Middle English (in the sense 'knowledge of books'): via French from Latin litteratura, from littera (letter). And media , as we know, that have to used by Who is Frederick Douglass? Essay, literature to publish itself. Media are various. Anthropology , Art , Culture 1244 Words | 3 Pages. The Role of Parents and Media Childhood . obesity is between 16-36 percent of child and youth that are obese/ overweight.

If one of the parents is obese or overweight, it is discharge, likely that 50 percent the child can be an modèle d'atkinson 1968, overweight or obese child. If both parents are overweight or obese the child has 80 percent guarantee that he/she is planning, going to be an overweight or obese child. In addition, in the United States the the most game general zaroff percentage. Body shape , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 2707 Words | 7 Pages. Role of discharge Media in Political Campaigns. This paper discusses the role of the media in political campaigns.

The purpose of campaigns To understand the experience essay . role of election campaigns towards the end result it is necessary to understand that two ideas exist. It is believed that the voters decide for their candidate before the campaigning starts, while the planning others believe that it through active campaigning that voters reach their decision. The purpose of political campaigns is to do one of three things to the most dangerous general zaroff, affect the voter: motivate, reinforce. Activism , Elections , Internet 1944 Words | 6 Pages. Human Sexuality and the Medias Role. Human Sexuality and planning, the Medias Role of Shaping Thoughts Abstract Research regarding the elements of how . media objectifies women is available and plentiful because it is an old concept. This objectification shapes the Douglass? Essay opinions that women have of themselves and that men have of them. Common bonds that exist within the discharge planning literature regarding the medias role in human sexuality is essay, objectification is accepted as normal, it affects the discharge planning building of self esteem, and the perception.

Advertising , Female , Gender 1507 Words | 5 Pages. role of Who is Douglass? media in building customer relatioship. ?Assignment New Media Role One responsibility of the media to ensure a fair and accurate information and . impartial reporting system. A set of codes of conduct is necessary to maintain professional standards and media . Everyone in planning, the organization must satisfy the rule with a sense of responsibility, equality and responsibility. Information ethics is not just a question of values ??written by the broadcasters, should be practiced in their daily operations Obviously the new media plays a vital role in film, todays.

Advertising , Audience , Broadcasting 862 Words | 3 Pages. What role should the corporations play in discharge planning, our life. ?Paulina Szuchnik Academic Writing B.A. 4 What Role Should The Corporation Play in Our Lives and Society, If Any? . Coroprations are large firms that exist as a legal entity owned by shareholders who divide profits that are generated through the firm's operations.1 A number of corporations is increasing within last years. It is and unity, undeniable that in discharge planning, contemporary world corporations influence people and their lives. Corporations play some important functions in society, such as employing people.

Companies , Company , Corporation 1209 Words | 3 Pages. Fatima Baaboud | 1 Social Media VS Social Life The Negative Effects of Social . Media on Who is, Social Life Fatima Baaboud Effat University Fatima Baaboud | 2 The Outline Thesis statement: Though many people use social media to strengthens the real world relationships, it has many negative effects where it threaten persons privacy, present fake profiles, and planning, make people have a tendency to lose touch with reality. I. Facebook , Person , Personal life 1245 Words | 6 Pages. Portrayal of work essay Gender Roles and Sexuality in Media. Portrayal of Gender Roles and discharge planning, Sexuality in Media Ariel Norbutas Walden University HMNT3001, Section 1, Modern Popular . Culture June 13, 2014 Portrayal of Gender Roles and Sexuality in Media The media plays a substantial role in much of societies definition of normalcy involving gender roles and sexual orientation. Unique And Unity. Popular culture attempts to discharge, paint an image of what normalcy is by using sheer repetition on a daily basis, which plays an important role in shaping broad social. Culture , Gender , Gender role 1383 Words | 6 Pages. Role of Media in Liberal Democracies. consider the role of media in liberal democracies of the 21st century and to analyse if the ownership of the crying game media . affects this role . Media can widely be defined as any media of communication.

This report will focus more on the news aspect of planning media rather than the entertainment side. Experience Essay. In considering the role of discharge planning media , I will examine multiple arguments of the role . The media ownership will be taken from examples in essay, Australia, United States and Britain. This report will firstly look at the role of the discharge planning media. Advertising , Democracy , Democratization 768 Words | 3 Pages. Our Culture and the Media Benjamin Joseph Lentine ENGL 101-B09 02/15/2013 Television has become a . major influence in our culture today. There are some who claim that it is perfectly harmless, and that it is no better or worse than any other recreational pursuits. There are others who say that though television certainly has its problems, it is a necessary evil. I believe that there are a few positive things that television provides, but as a whole its use should be limited. Media violence research , Reality television , Television 1255 Words | 4 Pages. ? THE IMPACT OF MEDIA ON OUR ATTITUDES Introduction: The mass media , since being invented, have . experienced many improvements, undergone numerous in general, variety from television, radio, newspaper to the internet.

People watch televisions every day, read newspapers every hour, therefore, it goes without saying that mass media has the discharge capability to affect their mind. The Most Game General. The mass media , including TV, radio, newspaper play a very important role in our modern life . They have changed our life very much. It. Advertising , Marshall McLuhan , Mass media 1824 Words | 6 Pages. Role of Indian Media in the New Age The following is the speech given by Shri Kapil Sibal, Minister of HRD and C IT, on the . topic: Role of Indian Media in the New Ag, presiding as the Chief Guest for the 'Press Club Awards for Excellence in Journalism' , on 5th May, 2012 at The NSCI, Worli, Mumbai.

I am privileged to planning, be here with you on a day the media celebrates its exceptional performers. Douglass? Essay. I congratulate all those who have received awards and wish them continued success in their profession. Democracy , Direct democracy , Freedom of planning speech 961 Words | 3 Pages. theory perspectives on Who is, media and society. Which could be the most appropriate approach to understand the discharge planning media role . in Malaysia? Please elaborate with examples There are many theories, approaches or model to look at the perspective of media and game, society in Malaysia. In order to understand media and society in Malaysia, we have to look at the meaning of Functionalism Theory and planning, Critical Theory on mass media and society. Functionalism theory attempt to explain medias role in the operation of.

Johannes Gutenberg , Journalism , Kuala Lumpur 2164 Words | 10 Pages. technology, media generally plays an important role in information broadcast all over the world (Paul, 2007). Work Essay. It is objectively . response the discharge planning society which effectively made the life clearly (Shayne, Chris, 2003). At the same time, today in most of countries, the power of media is more and more obvious. It can not only criticize the bad social forces, but also help the weak. However, although the enormous power of media has some advantages, it also has some disadvantage; the modèle d'atkinson real report of media would reflect. Broadcasting , English-language films , Mass media 1294 Words | 4 Pages. History of Print Media and Its Role in Society. Adrian Radomski Dr.

Cusumano CMA 9 12/16/2012 The History of Print Media and its Role Among Business, Government and . Society In an age when innovation is constantly adding to discharge planning, how we define mass media , print media has seemed to experience essay, maintain its role and presence in discharge, our society. In a basic and simplistic way, businessdictionary.com defines print media as the industry associated with the printing and distribution of news through newspapers, magazines and books. Collectively, books, magazines. Advertising , Johannes Gutenberg , Marshall McLuhan 2294 Words | 7 Pages. The Role of the Media in film the crying game, the Nigeria 2015 Elections 2015. The media makes up the society and in planning, the words of Feminism, Politics and Postwork Imaginaries Marshal McLuhan in 1964, the media is an planning, extension of our . senses. And at that, it means the media portrays the life of the everyday man. Dangerous Zaroff. Therefore, expectation is placed on the media to carry out responsibilities that will enhance the discharge planning standard of living of humans and develop the society in all ramifications. There are three fundamental roles of the Who is Frederick Essay media , and they are to inform, educate and entertain. But further studies have come up with other. Election , Elections , Marshall McLuhan 893 Words | 3 Pages.

Role of discharge Media in Kargil Anshu Bhatia PGP2- 18012 Table of Contents Abstract 2 Introduction 3 Literature Review 3 . Discussion of the case 5 Analysis and conclusion 6 Bibliography 7 Abstract This paper attempts at evaluating the role of media in the Kargil war, which broke out in the summer of 1999, at a time when the Indian media was equipped enough to set the media agenda as well as present the war at an unprecedented scale. As mortals, we have never seen the the crying war situations. Advertising , India , Mass media 2560 Words | 7 Pages. Role Of Mass Media In Politics In this discussion I call upon discharge planning two movies as examples and evidence to examine the . role of mass media in politics. The two movies I will use for this basis are The Candidate and All the Presidents Men.

Today, the art of governing a society seems to and unity, be much dictated or prescribed by what the assemblage of the citizens of the United States say or express to the mass media . Thus, the discharge government and politicians listening to dangerous, and acting upon our . Marshall McLuhan , Mass media , Newspaper 1777 Words | 5 Pages. Role of Mass Media in Indian Society. living in discharge, a world dominated by media . The mass media is increasingly occupying the central stage in our lives. The . mass media has an unique and unity, iron grip on planning, the imagination as well as thinking faculties of the society. The programmes and features served by the mass media which instruct people not only what they should eat, drink and wear and groom them but also at times misguide them to the most dangerous, commit heinous crimes. Mass media acts as an effective catalyst of change in society. Mass media which is also called the sword-arm.

Advertising , Journalism , Marshall McLuhan 1270 Words | 3 Pages. The role of media in the society Name Professor Institution Course Date . Introduction The media is unquestionably a pivotal institution in society. Media is the main means of mass communication, which includes visual, audio, and planning, print. The media affect society by molding opinions and perspectives. Unique And Unity. Therefore, as the planning fulcrum of d'atkinson et shiffrin society, the media plays various roles such as communication, consolidation of information, and as a watchdog of society along.

Advertising , Communication studies , Institution 548 Words | 3 Pages. of Family in Our Life Family is discharge, placed in the centre and top of priority of our life . Family will . take care of our well-being, acts as our role model, and modèle et shiffrin 1968, they helps develop our values and identity. Through family, children can be taught moral values, cultural heritage and the spiritual. (Uhler, 2012). Discharge. As a family, there is a responsibility to modèle, take care of family members well-being. Parents should ensure that their child feel homey, get well and discharge, ease their burden in their usual life . No matter what. Attachment theory , Developmental psychology , Family 751 Words | 4 Pages. ?The important role of mass media in education The education of The Problem with Feminism, Marxism, Politics and Postwork our children has always been emotive and when the . mass media is added to the mix, volatility is inevitable. Hardly a country in the world is spared controversy in education, but when one looks behind the sometimes anarchic scenes, there is a lot about which to planning, be optimistic and hopeful. Traditionally, the mass media and education have enjoyed a love-hate relationship. On one hand television and unique, newspapers particularly, have provided.

Advertising , Marshall McLuhan , Mass media 830 Words | 3 Pages. ?Mass Media in our life Everywhere, every day, exciting things are happening. Each day is discharge planning, filled with news. The Problem Work: Feminism, Marxism, And Postwork. People . Discharge. learn news and views during reading newspapers and magazines, talking over the telephone or they are kept informed by watching TV or listening to the radio. The press, the radio and television play a big role in modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin 1968, the life of the society. They inform, educate and entertain people.

They also influence the way people look at the world and make them change their views. Discharge. Mass media plays. Advertising , Entertainment , Journalism 727 Words | 2 Pages. Role of Mass Media xxxxx Politics 1 Mr. Teacher December 5, 2011 . Role of Mass Media With the ever changing world of technology, the media has evolved into the crying, a vast global phenomenon and has revolutionized the discharge planning way people receive their information. News updates are received instantaneous through the internet, which may now be accessed through the Douglass? innovative smart phones. The television news media networks have each developed multiple.

Broadcasting , Journalism , Marshall McLuhan 2027 Words | 6 Pages. Role of Media in Development of Socienty. ROLE OF MEDIA AND NGO IN DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIETY -ABSTRACT- Mass media are the discharge . channels, such as newspapers, magazines, radio or television use to and unity, communicate information to large group of peoples. By regularly convening information to important audiences, from the general public to government, and international decision maker a media plays a major role in shaping public debate. Media organizations are independent of planning political influence and work as important informative. Civil society , Mass media , Non-governmental organization 1208 Words | 6 Pages. The Role and modèle, Power of the Mass Media. The Role and Power of the Mass Media Rami G. Khouri Our world today is discharge, increasingly driven by a . combination of unique information and entertainment values, and these are both promoted by the explosion of different means of communication, especially electronic communication such as satellite TV and discharge planning, Internet. This means the market for information is Who is Douglass?, extremely competitive and is characterized by the following: 1. Overload on the audience: Most people today, even in many developing. Advertising , Journalism , Mass media 1397 Words | 5 Pages.

become a global village. It is media that has shrunk the world into a village. Telecommunication, TV, radio, and now computers have reduced . distances and brought the countries of the world closer to discharge, each other. Free media is the integral part of democracy. Unique. It acts as the custodian of democracy and facilitates the decision-making process. It has become the voice of the masses. Indeed, it is instrumental in shaping the public opinion.

A society with restricted media is just like stagnant water. Such. Advertising , Autocracy , Democracy 1810 Words | 6 Pages. The Role of Social Media in discharge planning, Business. THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN BUSINESS The Role of unique and unity Social Media in Business . Author Author Affiliation Date Table of Contents Introduction 3 The role of planning social media in business 3 Trend of Social Media and new Bossiness Intelligence 5 Advantages of Social Media in Business 6 Disadvantages of Social Media in Business 8 Conclusion 10 References 10 Introduction At the present, social media has become. Business , Facebook , LinkedIn 2035 Words | 5 Pages. The Role of Media in Afghan Women's Rights. The Role of Media in unique and unity, Afghan Womens Rights . Nasim Basiri The world is becoming global and integral, and women already have to be strong and well equipped.

Nature deliberately created us a certain way, precisely to allow everyone to be integrally connected to the general system by way of their maximum actualization in it. A womans personal, individual, and unique participation does not. Afghan refugees , Afghanistan , Human rights 2581 Words | 7 Pages.

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Air Safety and the Asiana Airlines Crash Essay. A2 A2: Not all papers need an outline. Discharge? For papers that do, the outline should match the citation style of the title page and reference list. This one does, and is created in APA format. Outline. II.

Asiana Airlines. A. Company Information. B. Safety Record. A. The Crew and Passengers. B. Timing and Airspeed. IV. Airline Safety.

V. Conclusion A3 A3: An outline should follow the logical progression of a paper from the introduction to the conclusion. Douglass?? In the case of this paper, it begins with information on the airline, moves through the planning, incident that occurred, and then looks at that incident in the broader scope of airline safety. Introduction A4 A4: The headings and subheadings in this paper are in APA style. Not all papers require headings. For papers that do, the citation style of the paper will control how the headings are set up and Who is Frederick whether they are centered or left-justified. On July 6, 2013, Asiana Airlines Flight 214 crashed on its final approach to San Francisco International Airport. The flight was coming from its hub airport, Incheon International Airport in South Korea, and everything appeared normal until the discharge, last few moments of the landing sequence.

Upon attempting to land, the plane#39;s landing gear and and unity tail hit the seawall at the beginning of the runway. This resulted in a crash that left three people dead and injured numerous others. While the number of deceased was actually low when compared with many other airplane crashes, it was still tragic for the families of the planning, people who were lost. The traumatizing event will remain in the minds of the survivors, as well. There are not as many airplane crashes today as there were in the past, because flying has gotten safer. However, accidents can and do still occur. Airline safety is an issue that most people do not think about until an accident takes place. A5 A5: This is the thesis statement, and provides a summary of what the paper is going to be about.

It's often restated in the conclusion in film the crying some way, to tie the entire paper together. The crash of Flight 214 highlighted concerns regarding air safety and pilot requirements, as well as bringing Asiana#39;s safety record and training practices into the spotlight. Asiana Airlines used to be called Seoul Airlines. Along with Korean Air, it is one of two major airlines operating in and out of South Korea (Asiana, 2012). The domestic hub for the airline is at Gimpo International Airport, which its international hub operating out of Incheon International Airport. Planning? There are 14 domestic and 90 international passenger routes flown by the airline, along with 27 cargo routes (Asiana, 2012). Nearly 10,000 people work for the airline, the majority of who are based in Seoul. Asiana has been established and operating since 1988, and began regular service in December of that year (Asiana, 2012). It expanded rapidly, adding new routes, cities, and dangerous zaroff countries just about every year. As of 2012, it had 80 aircraft in its fleet (Asiana, 2012). When there is a crash or other accident with any airline, it is important to look at the safety record of planning that company to determine whether there has been a pattern of accidents.

If that is determined to be the case, discovering and correcting the reasons behind the problem is very important for Essay the future safety of passengers and discharge planning crew. For Asiana, there were several incidents in the past. However, most of these were minor or did not result in injuries. Work Experience? Considering the planning, number of flights Asiana engaged in on a daily basis, the number of film the crying game incidents is actually quite low. There have been only three crashes or incidents resulting in fatalities in the last 25 years of the company#39;s operation. Discharge Planning? • A6 A6: Using bullet points can be a great way to highlight something. It also works well when addressing several specific incidents that tie together, or providing a timeline of events.

In July , 1993, Flight 733 crashed short of the runway in Mokpo. The weather was bad, and the crew was on its third attempt at landing. Two crew members and 66 passengers died (Ranter, 1993). • In November, 1998, an Asiana plane that was trying to unique and unity, make a u-turn at Anchorage International Airport ended up embedding a winglet into the tail of another plane. No one was injured (Anchorage, 1998). Planning? • In August, 2004, Flight 204 had a near-collision with a Southwest Airlines flight at film the crying game Los Angeles International Airport. This was the result of an error at air-traffic control.

The Asiana pilot aborted the landing, which saved both of the planes. Discharge Planning? No one was injured (Oldham Alonso-Zaldivar, 2004). D'atkinson Et Shiffrin 1968? • In April, 2009, Flight 271 made an emergency landing shortly after leaving Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. Smoke was coming from an engine, and the plane returned to Seattle and landed safely (Compressor, 2009). • In July, 2011, Flight 991 (a cargo flight) crashed into the Pacific Ocean off of South Korea. Before the crash, a fire was reported in the cargo compartment (Cha Park, 2011). • In July, 2013, Flight 214 (the subject of planning this paper) crashed at San Francisco International Airport. Three passengers were killed, although one death was the result of being run over by an emergency vehicle, and did not result from the actual plane crash (San Francisco, 2013). When Flight 214 crashed at San Francisco International Airport on July 6, 2013, there were three captains and modèle d'atkinson one first officer onboard, as well as flight attendants, for a total of 16 crew members A7 A7: This is Harvard referencing style. Planning? It mimics APA, with the exception of the fact that there is no comma between the author's name and year of publication. MLA style would not be appropriate for this paper, because it requires page numbers. Current news stories generally have mostly online sources, making providing page numbers impossible. (San-Hung 2013 ). Captain Lee Jeong-min was the instructor and Feminism, Politics Imaginaries pilot-in-command (San-Hung, 2013). He was in the co-pilot#39;s seat at the time of the crash, and had 12,387 hours of flight experience (San-Hung, 2013). More than 3,000 of those hours were in discharge planning the type of plane that crashed a Boeing 777, although Flight 214 was Jeong-min#39;s first flight as an instructor for that plane (San-Hung, 2013).

Captain Lee Kang-kook was in the pilot#39;s seat. He had accumulated nearly 10,000 hours of flight experience, but only work experience essay, 43 of those were in the 777 (San-Hung, 2013). Discharge Planning? He was halfway through Asiana#39;s initial operating experience (IOE) requirements, and game was still in training (San-Hung, 2013). The relief officer was in discharge planning the jump seat and the relief captain was in the passenger cabin, in unique a first-class seat, at the time of the crash (San-Hung, 2013). Discharge Planning? There were a total of 291 passengers on the flight. One was killed in the crash, and another was run over on the runway by a rescue vehicle (Teenage, 2013). Both were 16-year-old girls from China. The girl killed by the rescue vehicle was covered in fire-fighting foam at the time, and was not seen by the rescuers attempting to get to the plane (Teenage, 2013). Ten people were admitted to San Francisco General in critical condition (Teenage, 2013). Another three went to Stanford Medical Center (Teenage, 2013).

There were a total of 182 injured people admitted to nine hospitals throughout the area (Teenage, 2013). One of the passengers who was badly injured succumbed to her injuries on July 12, 2013, bringing the death toll to three (3rd, 2013). A large number of the passengers (including the three who were killed) were traveling from the most dangerous game general zaroff China to discharge, the United States for a summer camp A8 A8: While it may seem awkward to cite nearly every sentence in a paragraph, it is very important to document sources. If the The Problem Feminism, Antiwork and Postwork, information being provided is not common knowledge, a citation is necessary to avoid plagiarism. What is common knowledge to one person may not be to another.

When it doubt, cite the planning, source. (Teenage, 2013 ). At the film game, time of the accident, the discharge, weather report was for light winds and 10 mile visibility. The flight was cleared for The Problem Work: Feminism, Marxism, Politics Imaginaries runway 28L at 11:31 PDT (Hradecky, 2013). It was to be a visual approach. The pilot was told to planning, maintain a 180 knot speed until reaching 5 miles from the Frederick Essay, runway (Hradecky, 2013). At 11:26, air traffic control at the San Francisco tower took over (Hradecky, 2013). Planning? When the plane was a mile and work experience essay a half from the airport, clearance to land was given. At 11:28 am, the plane#39;s landing gear and then its tail struck the discharge planning, seawall, short of the runway (Hradecky, 2013). The tail section and both engines separated from the plane. The wings and remainder of the fuselage rotated counter-clockwise 330 degrees, and the plane slid westward (Hradecky, 2013). Eventually, the plane came to rest on the runway, 2,000 feet from the seawall (Hradecky, 2013).

Smoke began to modèle d'atkinson 1968, rise from the wreckage, and planning evacuation slides were deployed. The Most Dangerous General Zaroff? Many passengers were able to walk away from the wreckage, but some were trapped inside and/or injured to the point they could not leave the aircraft on planning their own (Hradecky, 2013). The recent crash of film game Asiana Airlines Flight 214 has brought airline safety back into discharge planning, the spotlight. Every time there is a crash or incident with any airline, it is important to address the issues that caused it in an effort to avoid them in the future. It will be some time before official findings are presented on the exact cause of the crash of Flight 214. Until then, it is only speculation. Most of that speculation has been centered around the A9 A9: It is important to remain factual. Pilot error is a speculative cause of the crash, but has not been officially confirmed as the cause. To say otherwise would be injecting personal opinion and belief into the paper. possibility of work pilot error . If that were to be the case, it is certainly not the planning, first time a mistake by a pilot or other crew member has caused an airline to have an incident that has resulted in unique damage to planning, the aircraft and/or loss of life.

There are many human factors that can result in The Problem Feminism, Marxism, and Postwork airline crashes (Dirty, 2011). One of the most common is lack of knowledge. It is vital that employees have adequate training, because the risk of an incident is much higher if they are not properly trained (Dirty, 2011). Complacency is discharge, also another serious problem in airline safety (Dirty, 2011). Unique? This comes into play when the job is discharge planning, too routine and the pilot or other crew members do not spend time focusing on everything that they are doing. By becoming complacent, they may fail in their task to provide a safe experience for the passengers. Dangerous Game General Zaroff? That does not always result in loss of discharge planning life, but it can. Additionally, a lack of Work: Feminism, Marxism, Politics and Postwork awareness can be a cause of airplane crashes (Dirty, 2011). For pilots that are not paying close attention, a simple issue can quickly become a much larger one.

Speculatively, it is unlikely that the discharge planning, pilot of Flight 214 was complacent, because he had little flight time in that aircraft. The Crying? He may, however, have been unaware of the risk of the seawall or not properly trained for the flight. Discharge? Until the final report on essay the crash is released, the true cause of it will not be known. Discharge? In the meantime, Asiana Airlines and Essay other carriers should re-evaluate their training and other requirements for pilots and crew members. If there are complacency and training issues, taking care of them quickly can make air travel safer and help to avoid future crashes that are related to pilot error. Discharge Planning? There is always the possibility of equipment failure or other issues, some of which cannot be adjusted for. The goal is to mitigate or eliminate the risks over which human beings have some measure of control. Modèle Et Shiffrin? By doing that, the number of discharge planning airplane crashes and incidents can be reduced.

The crash of Asiana Airlines#39; Flight 214 clearly highlighted concerns about air safety and pilot requirements. It also brought the company#39;s safety record into the spotlight and produced questions regarding whether the pilot of the aircraft had enough training to fly safely. While air travel is still the safest method of travel for long distances, accidents like Flight 214 do raise questions about how airlines train and prepare their crews. Because most airplane crashes kill or injure a significant number of people, the goal is to reduce the work experience, number of crashes as much as possible. Airplanes are getting safer and accidents happen less often than in the past, but there is no way to completely avoid the discharge planning, risk, other than not to fly at film the crying all. For many people, getting on an airplane is discharge, a risk they are willing to take for the convenience it offers. Additionally, air travel will likely continue to with Work: Marxism, Antiwork Imaginaries, get safer in planning the future. Careful crew screenings, rigorous requirements for pilots, and better, stronger, more durable airplanes will all help to enhance the dangerous, flying experience and protect passengers from harm, even in the event of the unforeseen. B1 B1: References is the term used for planning the reference page of a paper written in Frederick Douglass? APA format. The citation style used will control what the page is called. Harvard uses References MLA and Chicago styles use Works Cited and Turabian uses Bibliography.

While these are the most common styles used, there are others. They include ASA, AMA, and discharge IEEE. References. 3rd fatality in Asiana flight crash. (2013). CBS News.

Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57593586/3rd-fatality-in-asiana-flight-crash/ Asiana Airlines. (2012). Sustainability Report 2012. Retrieved from https://flyasiana.com/download_file/ASIANA_AIRLINES_SR_2012_eng_low.pdf. Cha, S. Park, K. (2011). Asiana Boeing 747 freighter crashes in South Korean waters.

Bloomberg. Retrieved from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-07-28/asiana-boeing-747-freighter-crashes-in-korean-waters-correct-.html. Compressor stall blamed for 777 engine problem. (2009). KOMOnews.com. Retrieved from http://www.komonews.com/news/local/44319637.html. Dirty dozen - errors - human factors. (2011). Aviation Glossary. Retrieved from d'atkinson 1968 http://aviationglossary.com/aviation-safety-terms/dirty-dozen-errors-human-factors/ Hradecky, S. (2013).

Accident: Asiana B772 at San Francisco on Jul 6th 2013, touched down short of the runway, broke up and burst into flames. The Aviation Herald. Retrieved from http://avherald.com/h?article=464ef64fopt=4096. Oldham, J. Alonso-Zaldivar, R. (2004). Near miss reported at LAX in August. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/2004/sep/01/local/me-lax1. Ranter , H. 1998.

ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 62M RA-86564 Anchorage International Airport, AK (ANC). Discharge? Aviation Safety Network. [23 July 2013]. Ranter, Harro. ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-5Lp HL7229 Mokpo. Aviation Safety Network. 26 July 1993. Web.21 November 2008.

San Francisco Boeing 777 crash #39;not mechanical failure.#39; (2013). BBC News. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-23216587. Sang-Hun, C. (2013). Asiana President Says Pilot Was in Training. Frederick Douglass? Essay? The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/09/world/asia/asiana-airlines-san-francisco-plane-crash.html?_r=0.

Teenage girl killed in Asiana crash was hit by discharge planning, fire truck, S.F. police say. (2013). Frederick? CBS Interactive, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57593510/teenage-girl-killed-in-asiana-crash-was-hit-by-fire-truck-s.f-police-say/ Looking for other documents related to Air Safety and the Asiana Airlines Crash ? Search our collection of 112,048 professionally written essays, research papers, and term papers. You can also place an order for custom writing and have a writer complete a one-of-a-kind example document specific to your instructions.

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conflict essay ideas IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that peace seems to be breaking out in many regions of the discharge planning, world. And Unity! Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for distinguishing between what is discharge essential and what is The Problem with Marxism, Antiwork Imaginaries contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial. If Mr. Gorbachev were ousted from the Kremlin or a new Ayatollah proclaimed the millennium from a desolate Middle Eastern capital, these same commentators would scramble to announce the rebirth of a new era of conflict.

And yet, all of these people sense dimly that there is some larger process at work, a process that gives coherence and order to the daily headlines. The twentieth century saw the developed world descend into a paroxysm of ideological violence, as liberalism contended first with the remnants of absolutism, then bolshevism and fascism, and finally an updated Marxism that threatened to lead to the ultimate apocalypse of nuclear war. Planning! But the the crying game, century that began full of self-confidence in the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at discharge planning its close to be returning full circle to where it started: not to an end of ideology or a convergence between capitalism and socialism, as earlier predicted, but to an unabashed victory of economic and political liberalism. The triumph of the West, of the Western idea , is evident first of all in the total exhaustion of essay, viable systematic alternatives to Western liberalism. In the past decade, there have been unmistakable changes in the intellectual climate of the world's two largest communist countries, and the beginnings of significant reform movements in both. But this phenomenon extends beyond high politics and discharge planning, it can be seen also in the ineluctable spread of consumerist Western culture in such diverse contexts as the peasants' markets and color television sets now omnipresent throughout China, the cooperative restaurants and clothing stores opened in the past year in Moscow, the modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin, Beethoven piped into Japanese department stores, and the rock music enjoyed alike in Prague, Rangoon, and Tehran. What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the planning, Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of postwar history, but the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. This is not to say that there will no longer be events to fill the pages of Foreign Affair's yearly summaries of international relations, for the victory of liberalism has occurred primarily in the realm of ideas or consciousness and is as yet incomplete in. the real or material world.

But there are powerful reasons for believing that it is the unique, ideal that will govern the discharge, material world in the long run . The Crying Game! To understand how this is discharge so, we must first consider some theoretical issues concerning the nature of historical change. THE NOTION of the end of history is not an original one. Its best known propagator was Karl Marx, who believed that the direction of historical development was a purposeful one determined by the interplay of material forces, and film game, would come to an end only with the achievement of a communist utopia that would finally resolve all prior contradictions. But the concept of history as a dialectical process with a beginning, a middle, and an end was borrowed by Marx from his great German predecessor, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. For better or worse, much of Hegel's historicism has become part of our contemporary intellectual baggage. The notion that mankind has progressed through a series of primitive stages of consciousness on discharge planning his path to the present, and that these stages corresponded to concrete forms of social organization, such as tribal, slave-owning, theocratic, and finally democratic-egalitarian societies, has become inseparable from the modern understanding of modèle et shiffrin 1968, man.

Hegel was the first philosopher to speak the language of modern social science, insofar as man for him was the product of his concrete historical and social environment and not, as earlier natural right theorists would have it, a collection of more or less fixed natural attributes. The mastery and transformation of man's natural environment through the application of science and technology was originally not a Marxist concept, but a Hegelian one. Unlike later historicists whose historical relativism degenerated into relativism tout court, however, Hegel believed that history culminated in an absolute moment - a moment in which a final, rational form of society and state became victorious. It is Hegel's misfortune to be known now primarily as Marx's precursor; and it is our misfortune that few of us are familiar with Hegel's work from direct study, but only as it has been filtered through the distorting lens of Marxism. In France, however, there has been an discharge, effort to save Hegel from his Marxist interpreters and to resurrect him as the philosopher who most correctly speaks to our time.

Among those modern French interpreters of modèle d'atkinson, Hegel, the discharge planning, greatest was certainly Alexandre Kojeve, a brilliant Russian emigre who taught a highly influential series of seminars in Paris in the 1930s at general the Ecole Practique des Hautes Etudes .[1] While largely unknown in the United States, Kojeve had a major impact on the intellectual life of the continent. Among his students ranged such future luminaries as Jean-Paul Sartre on the Left and Raymond Aron on the Right; postwar existentialism borrowed many of planning, its basic categories from Hegel via Kojeve. Kojeve sought to resurrect the Hegel of the Phenomenology of Mind , the Hegel who proclaimed history to be at the crying an end in 1806. Planning! For as early as this Hegel saw in Napoleon's defeat of the Prussian monarchy at unique and unity the Battle of Jena the victory of the ideals of the French Revolution, and the imminent universalization of the state incorporating the discharge, principles of liberty and equality. Kojeve, far from rejecting Hegel in light of the turbulent events of the next century and a half, insisted that the latter had been essentially correct.[2] The Battle of Jena marked the end of history because it was at that point that the vanguard of Who is Essay, humanity (a term quite familiar to Marxists) actualized the principles of the discharge planning, French Revolution. While there was considerable work to be done after 1806 - abolishing slavery and the slave trade, extending the unique and unity, franchise to workers, women, blacks, and other racial minorities, etc. - the planning, basic principles of the film the crying game, liberal democratic state could not be improved upon. The two world wars in discharge, this century and their attendant revolutions and unique and unity, upheavals simply had the effect of extending those principles spatially, such that the various provinces of human civilization were brought up to the level of its most advanced outposts, and of forcing those societies in planning, Europe and modèle 1968, North America at the vanguard of civilization to discharge, implement their liberalism more fully.

The state that emerges at the end of history is liberal insofar as it recognizes and protects through a system of law man's universal right to freedom, and democratic insofar as it exists only with the consent of the governed. For Kojeve, this so-called universal homogenous state found real-life embodiment in the countries of postwar Western Europe - precisely those flabby, prosperous, self-satisfied, inward-looking, weak-willed states whose grandest project was nothing more heroic than the creation of the Common Market.[3] But this was only to be expected. For human history and game general zaroff, the conflict that characterized it was based on the existence of contradictions: primitive man's quest for discharge mutual recognition, the dialectic of the master and slave, the transformation and mastery of nature, the struggle for the universal recognition of rights, and the dichotomy between proletarian and capitalist. But in the universal homogenous state, all prior contradictions are resolved and all human needs are satisfied. There is no struggle or conflict over unique, large issues, and consequently no need for generals or statesmen; what remains is primarily economic activity. And indeed, Kojeve's life was consistent with his teaching. Believing that there was no more work for philosophers as well, since Hegel (correctly understood) had already achieved absolute knowledge, Kojeve left teaching after the planning, war and spent the remainder of dangerous game zaroff, his life working as a bureaucrat in the European Economic Community, until his death in discharge, 1968.

To his contemporaries at mid-century, Kojeve's proclamation of the end of history must have seemed like the typical eccentric solipsism of a French intellectual, coming as it did on the heels of World War II and at the very height of the Cold War. To comprehend how Kojeve could have been so audacious as to assert that history has ended, we must first of all understand the meaning of Hegelian idealism. FOR HEGEL, the contradictions that drive history exist first of all in the realm of human consciousness, i.e. on et shiffrin 1968 the level of ideas[4] - not the trivial election year proposals of American politicians, but ideas in the sense of large unifying world views that might best be understood under the rubric of ideology. Ideology in this sense is not restricted to the secular and explicit political doctrines we usually associate with the term, but can include religion, culture, and the complex of moral values underlying any society as well. Hegel's view of the relationship between the ideal and discharge planning, the real or material worlds was an extremely complicated one, beginning with the fact that for him the distinction between the two was only apparent.[5] He did not believe that the real world conformed or could be made to conform to ideological preconceptions of philosophy professors in any simpleminded way, or that the material world could not impinge on the ideal. Indeed, Hegel the The Problem Politics and Postwork Imaginaries, professor was temporarily thrown out of work as a result of a very material event, the Battle of Jena. But while Hegel's writing and thinking could be stopped by a bullet from the material world, the hand on the trigger of the discharge, gun was motivated in turn by the ideas of liberty and the most dangerous game zaroff, equality that had driven the French Revolution. For Hegel, all human behavior in the material world, and hence all human history, is rooted in discharge, a prior state of consciousness - an idea similar to the one expressed by John Maynard Keynes when he said that the views of men of affairs were usually derived from defunct economists and the most dangerous game, academic scribblers of earlier generations. Planning! This consciousness may not be explicit and self-aware, as are modern political doctrines, but may rather take the form of religion or simple cultural or moral habits.

And yet this realm of consciousness in the long run necessarily becomes manifest in the material world, indeed creates the material world in Essay, its own image. Consciousness is cause and discharge planning, not effect, and Marxism, Antiwork Politics, can develop autonomously from the material world; hence the real subtext underlying the apparent jumble of current events is the history of ideology. Hegel's idealism has fared poorly at the hands of later thinkers. Marx reversed the priority of the discharge, real and the ideal completely, relegating the entire realm of consciousness - religion, art, culture, philosophy itself - to film, a superstructure that was determined entirely by the prevailing material mode of production. Yet another unfortunate legacy of Marxism is our tendency to retreat into materialist or utilitarian explanations of discharge, political or historical phenomena, and our disinclination to believe in the autonomous power of ideas. A recent example of this is Paul Kennedy's hugely successful The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers , which ascribes the unique and unity, decline of great powers to simple economic overextension.

Obviously, this is true on some level: an planning, empire whose economy is barely above the level of subsistence cannot bankrupt its treasury indefinitely. But whether a highly productive modern industrial society chooses to modèle d'atkinson, spend 3 or 7 percent of its GNP on discharge defense rather than consumption is film entirely a matter of that society's political priorities, which are in discharge planning, turn determined in the realm of consciousness. The materialist bias of unique, modern thought is characteristic not only of people on discharge the Left who may be sympathetic to Marxism, but of many passionate anti-Marxists as well. Indeed, there is on the Right what one might label the work experience, Wall Street Journal school of discharge planning, deterministic materialism that discounts the modèle d'atkinson 1968, importance of ideology and culture and sees man as essentially a rational, profit-maximizing individual. It is precisely this kind of planning, individual and his pursuit of 1968, material incentives that is discharge posited as the basis for economic life as such in economic textbooks.[6] One small example will illustrate the problematic character of such materialist views. Max Weber begins his famous book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism , by noting the different economic performance of Protestant and Catholic communities throughout Europe and America, summed up in d'atkinson 1968, the proverb that Protestants eat well while Catholics sleep well. Weber notes that according to discharge, any economic theory that posited man as a rational profit-maximizer, raising the film the crying game, piece-work rate should increase labor productivity. But in fact, in many traditional peasant communities, raising the piece-work rate actually had the opposite effect of lowering labor productivity: at the higher rate, a peasant accustomed to earning two and one-half marks per day found he could earn the same amount by working less, and did so because he valued leisure more than income.

The choices of leisure over income, or of the militaristic life of the Spartan hoplite over the wealth of the Athenian trader, or even the ascetic life of the early capitalist entrepreneur over that of planning, a traditional leisured aristocrat, cannot possibly be explained by the impersonal working of Frederick Essay, material forces, but come preeminently out of the sphere of consciousness - what we have labeled here broadly as ideology. And indeed, a central theme of Weber's work was to prove that contrary to Marx, the discharge planning, material mode of production, far from being the Douglass? Essay, base, was itself a superstructure with roots in religion and discharge planning, culture, and that to understand the emergence of the most general zaroff, modern capitalism and the profit motive one had to study their antecedents in the realm of the spirit. As we look around the contemporary world, the poverty of planning, materialist theories of economic development is all too apparent. Experience Essay! The Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism habitually points to the stunning economic success of Asia in the past few decades as evidence of the viability of free market economics, with the discharge planning, implication that all societies would see similar development were they simply to allow their populations to pursue their material self-interest freely. Unique! Surely free markets and stable political systems are a necessary precondition to capitalist economic growth. Discharge! But just as surely the cultural heritage of those Far Eastern societies, the ethic of work and saving and family, a religious heritage that does not, like Islam, place restrictions on certain forms of economic behavior, and other deeply ingrained moral qualities, are equally important in explaining their economic performance.[7] And yet the experience essay, intellectual weight of materialism is such that not a single respectable contemporary theory of economic development addresses consciousness and culture seriously as the matrix within which economic behavior is formed. FAILURE to understand that the discharge, roots of economic behavior lie in the realm of consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to phenomena that are essentially ideal in d'atkinson, nature. For example, it is commonplace in the West to interpret the discharge planning, reform movements first in China and Who is Frederick Essay, most recently in the Soviet Union as the victory of the material over the ideal - that is, a recognition that ideological incentives could not replace material ones in planning, stimulating a highly productive modern economy, and that if one wanted to prosper one had to appeal to baser forms of unique and unity, self-interest.

But the deep defects of socialist economies were evident thirty or forty years ago to anyone who chose to look. Why was it that these countries moved away from central planning only in the 1980s' The answer must be found in the consciousness of the elites and leaders ruling them, who decided to opt for the Protestant life of wealth and risk over the Catholic path of poverty and security.[8] That change was in no way made inevitable by the material conditions in which either country found itself on the eve of the reform, but instead came about as the result of the victory of one idea over another.[9] For Kojeve, as for all good Hegelians, understanding the underlying processes of history requires understanding developments in the realm of discharge planning, consciousness or ideas, since consciousness will ultimately remake the material world in its own image. To say that history ended in 1806 meant that mankind's ideological evolution ended in the ideals of the unique and unity, French or American Revolutions: while particular regimes in discharge, the real world might not implement these ideals fully, their theoretical truth is absolute and could not be improved upon. Hence it did not matter to unique, Kojeve that the discharge planning, consciousness of the postwar generation of The Problem Feminism, Marxism, Politics, Europeans had not been universalized throughout the world; if ideological development had in fact ended, the homogenous state would eventually become victorious throughout the discharge planning, material world. I have neither the Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork and Postwork Imaginaries, space nor, frankly, the ability to defend in depth Hegel's radical idealist perspective. Discharge! The issue is not whether Hegel's system was right, but whether his perspective might uncover the problematic nature of many materialist explanations we often take for granted. This is not to deny the role of material factors as such. To a literal-minded idealist, human society can be built around any arbitrary set of principles regardless of their relationship to the material world.

And in fact men have proven themselves able to endure the the most dangerous, most extreme material hardships in the name of ideas that exist in planning, the realm of the spirit alone, be it the work, divinity of cows or the nature of the Holy Trinity.[10] But while man's very perception of the material world is shaped by his historical consciousness of it, the material world can clearly affect in return the viability of a particular state of consciousness. In particular, the spectacular abundance of advanced liberal economies and the infinitely diverse consumer culture made possible by them seem to discharge, both foster and the crying game, preserve liberalism in the political sphere. I want to avoid the materialist determinism that says that liberal economics inevitably produces liberal politics, because I believe that both economics and politics presuppose an autonomous prior state of consciousness that makes them possible. But that state of consciousness that permits the discharge planning, growth of liberalism seems to stabilize in the way one would expect at the end of d'atkinson 1968, history if it is underwritten by the abundance of a modern free market economy. We might summarize the content of the discharge, universal homogenous state as liberal democracy in the political sphere combined with easy access to VCRs and stereos in the economic.

HAVE WE in fact reached the end of and unity, history? Are there, in other words, any fundamental contradictions in human life that cannot be resolved in the context of modern liberalism, that would be resolvable by an alternative political-economic structure? If we accept the idealist premises laid out above, we must seek an answer to this question in the realm of ideology and consciousness. Our task is not to answer exhaustively the discharge, challenges to the most general zaroff, liberalism promoted by discharge planning every crackpot messiah around the world, but only those that are embodied in important social or political forces and movements, and which are therefore part of world history. For our purposes, it matters very little what strange thoughts occur to people in Frederick Douglass?, Albania or Burkina Faso, for we are interested in what one could in some sense call the common ideological heritage of mankind.

In the past century, there have been two major challenges to liberalism, those of discharge, fascism and of communism. The former[11] saw the the crying, political weakness, materialism, anomie, and lack of community of the West as fundamental contradictions in liberal societies that could only planning, be resolved by a strong state that forged a new people on the basis of national exclusiveness. Fascism was destroyed as a living ideology by World War II. This was a defeat, of course, on a very material level, but it amounted to unique, a defeat of the idea as well. What destroyed fascism as an discharge, idea was not universal moral revulsion against it, since plenty of people were willing to endorse the idea as long as it seemed the wave of the future, but its lack of success. After the war, it seemed to most people that German fascism as well as its other European and Asian variants were bound to self-destruct. There was no material reason why new fascist movements could not have sprung up again after the war in other locales, but for the fact that expansionist ultranationalism, with its promise of The Problem with Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics Imaginaries, unending conflict leading to disastrous military defeat, had completely lost its appeal.

The ruins of the Reich chancellery as well as the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and discharge, Nagasaki killed this ideology on the level of consciousness as well as materially, and all of the pro-fascist movements spawned by the German and Japanese examples like the Peronist movement in Argentina or Subhas Chandra Bose's Indian National Army withered after the war. The ideological challenge mounted by the other great alternative to liberalism, communism, was far more serious. Marx, speaking Hegel's language, asserted that liberal society contained a fundamental contradiction that could not be resolved within its context, that between capital and labor, and this contradiction has constituted the chief accusation against liberalism ever since. But surely, the class issue has actually been successfully resolved in The Problem with Feminism, Antiwork and Postwork, the West. As Kojeve (among others) noted, the egalitarianism of modern America represents the essential achievement of the classless society envisioned by Marx. This is not to say that there are not rich people and discharge planning, poor people in the United States, or that the gap between them has not grown in recent years. But the root causes of economic inequality do not have to do with the the crying, underlying legal and planning, social structure of our society, which remains fundamentally egalitarian and moderately redistributionist, so much as with the cultural and social characteristics of the groups that make it up, which are in turn the historical legacy of Essay, premodern conditions. Discharge Planning! Thus black poverty in the United States is not the inherent product of liberalism, but is rather the modèle d'atkinson, legacy of slavery and racism which persisted long after the formal abolition of slavery. As a result of the receding of the class issue, the appeal of communism in discharge, the developed Western world, it is safe to the crying, say, is lower today than any time since the end of the First World War.

This can he measured in any number of ways: in the declining membership and electoral pull of the discharge, major European communist parties, and Frederick Douglass?, their overtly revisionist programs; in the corresponding electoral success of conservative parties from Britain and Germany to the United States and Japan, which are unabashedly pro-market and planning, anti-statist; and in an intellectual climate whose most advanced members no longer believe that bourgeois society is something that ultimately needs to be overcome. Film The Crying Game! This is not to say that the opinions of progressive intellectuals in Western countries are not deeply pathological in any number of ways. Discharge! But those who believe that the future must inevitably be socialist tend to be very old, or very marginal to the real political discourse of Douglass?, their societies. 0NE MAY argue that the socialist alternative was never terribly plausible for the North Atlantic world, and planning, was sustained for the last several decades primarily by its success outside of this region. Frederick Essay! But it is precisely in the non-European world that one is most struck by the occurrence of major ideological transformations. Surely the most remarkable changes have occurred in Asia. Planning! Due to the strength and adaptability of the indigenous cultures there, Asia became a battleground for a variety of imported Western ideologies early in this century. And Unity! Liberalism in Asia was a very weak reed in the period after World War I; it is easy today to forget how gloomy Asia's political future looked as recently as ten or fifteen years ago.

It is easy to forget as well how momentous the discharge, outcome of Asian ideological struggles seemed for world political development as a whole. The first Asian alternative to liberalism to be decisively defeated was the fascist one represented by Imperial Japan. Japanese fascism (like its German version) was defeated by the force of film game, American arms in the Pacific war, and liberal democracy was imposed on Japan by a victorious United States. Western capitalism and political liberalism when transplanted to Japan were adapted and discharge planning, transformed by the Japanese in such a way as to be scarcely recognizable.[12] Many Americans are now aware that Japanese industrial organization is Douglass? very different from that prevailing in the United States or Europe, and it is questionable what relationship the factional maneuvering that takes place with the discharge, governing Liberal Democratic Party bears to democracy. Nonetheless, the very fact that the essential elements of economic and political liberalism have been so successfully grafted onto uniquely Japanese traditions and institutions guarantees their survival in the long run.

More important is the contribution that Japan has made in turn to world history by following in the footsteps of the United States to create a truly universal consumer culture that has become both a symbol and an underpinning of the and unity, universal homogenous state. V.S. Naipaul traveling in Khomeini's Iran shortly after the revolution noted the omnipresent signs advertising the discharge, products of Sony, Hitachi, and JVC, whose appeal remained virtually irresistible and gave the lie to the regime's pretensions of restoring a state based on The Problem Feminism, Antiwork Imaginaries the rule of the Shariah . Desire for access to the consumer culture, created in large measure by discharge Japan, has played a crucial role in fostering the spread of economic liberalism throughout Asia, and hence in Antiwork, promoting political liberalism as well. The economic success of the other newly industrializing countries (NICs) in Asia following on the example of discharge planning, Japan is by now a familiar story. What is important from a Hegelian standpoint is that political liberalism has been following economic liberalism, more slowly than many had hoped but with seeming inevitability.

Here again we see the victory of the experience essay, idea of the universal homogenous state. South Korea had developed into a modern, urbanized society with an increasingly large and well-educated middle class that could not possibly be isolated from the larger democratic trends around them. Under these circumstances it seemed intolerable to a large part of this population that it should be ruled by an anachronistic military regime while Japan, only discharge, a decade or so ahead in unique and unity, economic terms, had parliamentary institutions for over forty years. Even the former socialist regime in discharge, Burma, which for so many decades existed in dismal isolation from the Marxism, and Postwork Imaginaries, larger trends dominating Asia, was buffeted in the past year by pressures to liberalize both its economy and political system. It is said that unhappiness with strongman Ne Win began when a senior Burmese officer went to Singapore for medical treatment and broke down crying when he saw how far socialist Burma had been left behind by its ASEAN neighbors. BUT THE power of the liberal idea would seem much less impressive if it had not infected the largest and discharge planning, oldest culture in Asia, China. The simple existence of communist China created an alternative pole of ideological attraction, and as such constituted a threat to liberalism. But the past fifteen years have seen an almost total discrediting of Marxism-Leninism as an economic system. Beginning with the famous third plenum of the Tenth Central Committee in 1978, the Chinese Communist party set about decollectivizing agriculture for the 800 million Chinese who still lived in the countryside. The role of the Frederick Essay, state in planning, agriculture was reduced to that of a tax collector, while production of consumer goods was sharply increased in order to give peasants a taste of the universal homogenous state and thereby an modèle et shiffrin, incentive to work. Discharge! The reform doubled Chinese grain output in only five years, and in the most general zaroff, the process created for Deng Xiaoping a solid political base from which he was able to extend the reform to other parts of the economy.

Economic Statistics do not begin to describe the dynamism, initiative, and discharge, openness evident in unique, China since the reform began. China could not now be described in any way as a liberal democracy. At present, no more than 20 percent of its economy has been marketized, and most importantly it continues to be ruled by a self-appointed Communist party which has given no hint of wanting to devolve power. Deng has made none of Gorbachev's promises regarding democratization of the political system and there is no Chinese equivalent of glasnost. The Chinese leadership has in fact been much more circumspect in criticizing Mao and Maoism than Gorbachev with respect to Brezhnev and Stalin, and the regime continues to pay lip service to Marxism-Leninism as its ideological underpinning. But anyone familiar with the outlook and behavior of the new technocratic elite now governing China knows that Marxism and ideological principle have become virtually irrelevant as guides to policy, and that bourgeois consumerism has a real meaning in discharge, that country for the first time since the revolution. The various slowdowns in the pace of reform, the campaigns against spiritual pollution and crackdowns on Who is Essay political dissent are more properly seen as tactical adjustments made in discharge planning, the process of managing what is an extraordinarily difficult political transition. By ducking the question of political reform while putting the economy on a new footing, Deng has managed to avoid the breakdown of authority that has accompanied Gorbachev's perestroika . Yet the pull of the liberal idea continues to be very strong as economic power devolves and the economy becomes more open to the outside world. There are currently over 20,000 Chinese students studying in the U.S. and other Western countries, almost all of The Problem with Antiwork Politics and Postwork Imaginaries, them the children of the Chinese elite. It is hard to believe that when they return home to run the country they will be content for China to be the planning, only country in Asia unaffected by the larger democratizing trend. The student demonstrations in modèle et shiffrin, Beijing that broke out first in December 1986 and recurred recently on the occasion of Hu Yao-bang's death were only the beginning of what will inevitably be mounting pressure for change in the political system as well.

What is important about China from the standpoint of world history is not the present state of the reform or even its future prospects. The central issue is the fact that the People's Republic of planning, China can no longer act as a beacon for illiberal forces around the dangerous game, world, whether they be guerrillas in some Asian jungle or middle class students in Paris. Maoism, rather than being the discharge, pattern for modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin Asia's future, became an anachronism, and it was the mainland Chinese who in fact were decisively influenced by the prosperity and dynamism of their overseas co-ethnics - the discharge planning, ironic ultimate victory of Taiwan. Important as these changes in China have been, however, it is developments in the Soviet Union - the original homeland of the world proletariat - that have put the final nail in the coffin of the experience essay, Marxist-Leninist alternative to discharge planning, liberal democracy. It should be clear that in terms of formal institutions, not much has changed in modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin, the four years since Gorbachev has come to planning, power: free markets and Frederick Douglass?, the cooperative movement represent only a small part of the Soviet economy, which remains centrally planned; the political system is still dominated by the Communist party, which has only begun to democratize internally and to discharge planning, share power with other groups; the modèle d'atkinson, regime continues to assert that it is seeking only to modernize socialism and that its ideological basis remains Marxism-Leninism; and, finally, Gorbachev faces a potentially powerful conservative opposition that could undo many of the changes that have taken place to date. Moreover, it is hard to be too sanguine about the chances for success of Gorbachev's proposed reforms, either in the sphere of discharge planning, economics or politics. But my purpose here is not to analyze events in dangerous general, the short-term, or to discharge planning, make predictions for policy purposes, but to look at and unity underlying trends in the sphere of ideology and consciousness.

And in that respect, it is clear that an discharge planning, astounding transformation has occurred. Emigres from the general zaroff, Soviet Union have been reporting for at least the last generation now that virtually nobody in that country truly believed in Marxism-Leninism any longer, and that this was nowhere more true than in discharge, the Soviet elite, which continued to experience essay, mouth Marxist slogans out of sheer cynicism. The corruption and decadence of the late Brezhnev-era Soviet state seemed to matter little, however, for as long as the state itself refused to planning, throw into question any of the fundamental principles underlying Soviet society, the system was capable of functioning adequately out of sheer inertia and could even muster some dynamism in the realm of the most dangerous game general zaroff, foreign and defense policy. Planning! Marxism-Leninism was like a magical incantation which, however absurd and devoid of meaning, was the only common basis on which the elite could agree to rule Soviet society. WHAT HAS happened in the four years since Gorbachev's coming to power is a revolutionary assault on the most fundamental institutions and principles of Stalinism, and their replacement by 1968 other principles which do not amount to liberalism per se but whose only connecting thread is liberalism. This is most evident in the economic sphere, where the reform economists around Gorbachev have become steadily more radical in their support for free markets, to discharge, the point where some like Nikolai Shmelev do not mind being compared in modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin, public to Milton Friedman. There is a virtual consensus among the currently dominant school of Soviet economists now that central planning and discharge, the command system of unique and unity, allocation are the root cause of economic inefficiency, and that if the Soviet system is ever to heal itself, it must permit free and decentralized decision-making with respect to investment, labor, and prices. Discharge! After a couple of initial years of ideological confusion, these principles have finally been incorporated into policy with the promulgation of new laws on the most general zaroff enterprise autonomy, cooperatives, and finally in 1988 on lease arrangements and family farming. There are, of course, a number of fatal flaws in the current implementation of the reform, most notably the absence of a thoroughgoing price reform. But the problem is no longer a conceptual one: Gorbachev and his lieutenants seem to understand the economic logic of marketization well enough, but like the leaders of a Third World country facing the IMF, are afraid of the social consequences of ending consumer subsidies and other forms of dependence on the state sector.

In the political sphere, the proposed changes to the Soviet constitution, legal system, and discharge, party rules amount to film the crying, much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Gorbachev has spoken of democratization primarily in the sphere of internal party affairs, and has shown little intention of ending the discharge, Communist party's monopoly of power; indeed, the political reform seeks to legitimize and therefore strengthen the CPSU'S rule.[13] Nonetheless, the general principles underlying many of the reforms - that the people should be truly responsible for the most their own affairs, that higher political bodies should be answerable to lower ones, and not vice versa, that the rule of law should prevail over arbitrary police actions, with separation of powers and an independent judiciary, that there should be legal protection for property rights, the need for open discussion of discharge, public issues and the right of public dissent, the empowering of the Soviets as a forum in which the whole Soviet people can participate, and of a political culture that is more tolerant and pluralistic - come from and unity a source fundamentally alien to the USSR's Marxist-Leninist tradition, even if they are incompletely articulated and discharge, poorly implemented in practice. Gorbachev's repeated assertions that he is doing no more than trying to restore the original meaning of Leninism are themselves a kind of Orwellian doublespeak. Gorbachev and unique and unity, his allies have consistently maintained that intraparty democracy was somehow the essence of Leninism, and that the various lib era1 practices of discharge planning, open debate, secret ballot elections, and rule of law were all part of the Leninist heritage, corrupted only later by Stalin. Film The Crying! While almost anyone would look good compared to Stalin, drawing so sharp a line between Lenin and his successor is questionable. The essence of Lenin's democratic centralism was centralism, not democracy; that is, the absolutely rigid, monolithic, and disciplined dictatorship of a hierarchically organized vanguard Communist party, speaking in the name of the demos. All of Lenin's vicious polemics against Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, and various other Menshevik and Social Democratic rivals, not to mention his contempt for bourgeois legality and freedoms, centered around his profound conviction that a revolution could not be successfully made by a democratically run organization. Gorbachev's claim that he is planning seeking to return to the true Lenin is perfectly easy to understand: having fostered a thorough denunciation of Stalinism and Brezhnevism as the root of the USSR's present predicament, he needs some point in Soviet history on which to anchor the legitimacy of the CPSU'S continued rule. But Gorbachev's tactical requirements should not blind us to the fact that the democratizing and decentralizing principles which he has enunciated in both the economic and political spheres are highly subversive of some of the most fundamental precepts of both Marxism and Leninism. Indeed, if the bulk of the present economic reform proposals were put into effect, it is hard to know how the Soviet economy would be more socialist than those of other Western countries with large public sectors. The Soviet Union could in no way be described as a liberal or democratic country now, nor do I think that it is terribly likely that perestroika will succeed such that the the most dangerous, label will be thinkable any time in the near future.

But at discharge the end of history it is not necessary that all societies become successful liberal societies, merely that they end their ideological pretensions of Douglass?, representing different and higher forms of human society. Discharge! And in this respect I believe that something very important has happened in the Soviet Union in unique, the past few years: the criticisms of the Soviet system sanctioned by Gorbachev have been so thorough and devastating that there is very little chance of going back to either Stalinism or Brezhnevism in any simple way. Gorbachev has finally permitted people to say what they had privately understood for many years, namely, that the magical incantations of Marxism-Leninism were nonsense, that Soviet socialism was not superior to discharge planning, the West in Who is, any respect but was in fact a monumental failure. The conservative opposition in the USSR, consisting both of simple workers afraid of unemployment and inflation and of party officials fearful of losing their jobs and privileges, is discharge outspoken and may be strong enough to force Gorbachev's ouster in the most dangerous game general zaroff, the next few years. But what both groups desire is tradition, order, and authority; they manifest no deep commitment to Marxism-Leninism, except insofar as they have invested much of their own lives in it.[14] For authority to be restored in the Soviet Union after Gorbachev's demolition work, it must be on discharge planning the basis of some new and vigorous ideology which has not yet appeared on the horizon.

IF WE ADMIT for the moment that the with Work: Feminism, Marxism, Politics, fascist and discharge, communist challenges to liberalism are dead, are there any other ideological competitors left? Or put another way, are there contradictions in liberal society beyond that of class that are not resolvable? Two possibilities suggest themselves, those of religion and nationalism. The rise of religious fundamentalism in recent years within the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim traditions has been widely noted. One is modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin inclined to say that the discharge planning, revival of religion in some way attests to a broad unhappiness with the impersonality and spiritual vacuity of liberal consumerist societies. Yet while the emptiness at the core of liberalism is most certainly a defect in the ideology - indeed, a flaw that one does not need the perspective of religion to recognize[15] - it is not at all clear that it is remediable through politics. The Crying Game! Modern liberalism itself was historically a consequence of the weakness of religiously-based societies which, failing to agree on the nature of the good life, could not provide even the minimal preconditions of peace and planning, stability. In the contemporary world only Islam has offered a theocratic state as a political alternative to film, both liberalism and communism. But the doctrine has little appeal for non-Muslims, and it is hard to discharge, believe that the Who is Frederick Douglass? Essay, movement will take on any universal significance. Other less organized religious impulses have been successfully satisfied within the sphere of personal life that is permitted in liberal societies.

The other major contradiction potentially unresolvable by liberalism is the one posed by nationalism and other forms of racial and ethnic consciousness. It is certainly true that a very large degree of discharge planning, conflict since the Battle of Jena has had its roots in nationalism. Two cataclysmic world wars in this century have been spawned by The Problem Work: Marxism, Antiwork Politics and Postwork Imaginaries the nationalism of the developed world in various guises, and discharge planning, if those passions have been muted to a certain extent in film, postwar Europe, they are still extremely powerful in the Third World. Nationalism has been a threat to liberalism historically in Germany, and continues to be one in isolated parts of post-historical Europe like Northern Ireland. But it is not clear that nationalism rep resents an irreconcilable contradiction in discharge planning, the heart of liberalism. Essay! In the first place, nationalism is not one single phenomenon but several, ranging from mild cultural nostalgia to the highly organized and elaborately articulated doctrine of discharge, National Socialism. Only systematic nationalisms of the latter sort can qualify as a formal ideology on the level of liberalism or communism. The vast majority of the The Problem with Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Imaginaries, world's nationalist movements do not have a political program beyond the negative desire of independence from some other group or people, and do not offer anything like a comprehensive agenda for socio-economic organization. Discharge Planning! As such, they are compatible with doctrines and ideologies that do offer such agendas.

While they may constitute a source of conflict for liberal societies, this conflict does not arise from liberalism itself so much as from the fact that the work experience essay, liberalism in question is incomplete. Certainly a great deal of the world's ethnic and discharge planning, nationalist tension can be explained in terms of peoples who are forced to live in unrepresentative political systems that they have not chosen. While it is impossible to rule out the sudden appearance of new ideologies or previously unrecognized contradictions in liberal societies, then, the present world seems to confirm that the fundamental principles of sociopolitical organization have not advanced terribly far since 1806. Many of the wars and revolutions fought since that time have been undertaken in the name of ideologies which claimed to be more advanced than liberalism, but whose pretensions were ultimately unmasked by history. In the meantime, they have helped to spread the universal homogenous state to the point where it could have a significant effect on the overall character of Work: Feminism, Marxism,, international relations.

WHAT ARE the implications of the end of discharge, history for international relations? Clearly, the vast bulk of the Frederick Douglass? Essay, Third World remains very much mired in history, and will be a terrain of discharge planning, conflict for many years to come. But let us focus for the time being on the larger and more developed states of the world who after all account for the greater part of world politics. Russia and China are not likely to join the developed nations of the West as liberal societies any time in modèle d'atkinson 1968, the foreseeable future, but suppose for a moment that Marxism-Leninism ceases to be a factor driving the foreign policies of these states - a prospect which, if not yet here, the last few years have made a real possibility. How will the discharge, overall characteristics of a de-ideologized world differ from modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin 1968 those of the one with which we are familiar at discharge planning such a hypothetical juncture? The most common answer is Who is Frederick Douglass? Essay - not very much. For there is a very widespread belief among many observers of international relations that underneath the skin of ideology is a hard core of great power national interest that guarantees a fairly high level of discharge planning, competition and conflict between nations. Indeed, according to one academically popular school of international relations theory, conflict inheres in et shiffrin 1968, the international system as such, and to understand the prospects for conflict one must look at the shape of the system - for planning example, whether it is bipolar or multipolar - rather than at the specific character of the nations and regimes that constitute it. This school in effect applies a Hobbesian view of politics to international relations, and the most dangerous game general, assumes that aggression and insecurity are universal characteristics of discharge planning, human societies rather than the product of specific historical circumstances. Believers in this line of thought take the relations that existed between the participants in Who is, the classical nineteenth century European balance of power as a model for what a de-ideologized contemporary world would look like. Discharge! Charles Krauthammer, for example, recently explained that if as a result of unique, Gorbachev's reforms the USSR is shorn of Marxist-Leninist ideology, its behavior will revert to discharge, that of nineteenth century imperial Russia.[16] While he finds this more reassuring than the threat posed by a communist Russia, he implies that there will still be a substantial degree of competition and conflict in the international system, just as there was say between Russia and Britain or Wilhelmine Germany in general, the last century.

This is, of course, a convenient point of view for people who want to admit that something major is changing in the Soviet Union, but do not want to accept responsibility for recommending the radical policy redirection implicit in such a view. But is it true? In fact, the notion that ideology is a superstructure imposed on a substratum of permanent great power interest is a highly questionable proposition. For the way in which any state defines its national interest is not universal but rests on discharge planning some kind of prior ideological basis, just as we saw that economic behavior is unique and unity determined by a prior state of consciousness. Planning! In this century, states have adopted highly articulated doctrines with explicit foreign policy agendas legitimizing expansionism, like Marxism-Leninism or National Socialism. THE EXPANSIONIST and competitive behavior of Work: Antiwork, nineteenth-century European states rested on no less ideal a basis; it just so happened that the ideology driving it was less explicit than the doctrines of the twentieth century.

For one thing, most liberal European societies were illiberal insofar as they believed in the legitimacy of discharge planning, imperialism, that is, the right of one nation to rule over with Marxism, Antiwork and Postwork, other nations without regard for the wishes of the ruled. The justifications for imperialism varied from nation to nation, from a crude belief in planning, the legitimacy of force, particularly when applied to non-Europeans, to the White Man's Burden and Europe's Christianizing mission, to the desire to give people of color access to work essay, the culture of Rabelais and Moliere. But whatever the particular ideological basis, every developed country believed in the acceptability of higher civilizations ruling lower ones - including, incidentally, the United States with regard to discharge, the Philippines. This led to a drive for pure territorial aggrandizement in the latter half of the century and played no small role in causing the Great War. The radical and deformed outgrowth of nineteenth-century imperialism was German fascism, an ideology which justified Germany's right not only to rule over non-European peoples, but over all non-German ones. But in retrospect it seems that Hitler represented a diseased bypath in the general course of European development, and since his fiery defeat, the legitimacy of any kind of territorial aggrandizement has been thoroughly discredited.[17] Since the Second World War, European nationalism has been defanged and shorn of any real relevance to foreign policy, with the consequence that the nineteenth-century model of film the crying game, great power behavior has become a serious anachronism. The most extreme form of nationalism that any Western European state has mustered since 1945 has been Gaullism, whose self-assertion has been confined largely to the realm of nuisance politics and culture. International life for the part of the world that has reached the planning, end of history is far more preoccupied with economics than with politics or strategy. The developed states of the West do maintain defense establishments and in the postwar period have competed vigorously for the most dangerous zaroff influence to meet a worldwide communist threat.

This behavior has been driven, however, by an external threat from states that possess overtly expansionist ideologies, and would not exist in their absence. To take the neo-realist theory seriously, one would have to believe that natural competitive behavior would reassert itself among the discharge planning, OECD states were Russia and the crying game, China to discharge planning, disappear from the face of the earth. That is, West Germany and France would arm themselves against each other as they did in the 193Os, Australia and New Zealand would send military advisers to block each others' advances in Africa, and Frederick Douglass? Essay, the U.S.-Canadian border would become fortified. Such a prospect is, of course, ludicrous: minus Marxist-Leninist ideology, we are far more likely to see the Common Marketization of world politics than the disintegration of the EEC into nineteenth-century competitiveness. Indeed, as our experiences in dealing with Europe on matters such as terrorism or Libya prove, they are much further gone than we down the road that denies the legitimacy of the use of force in international politics, even in self-defense. The automatic assumption that Russia shorn of its expansionist communist ideology should pick up where the czars left off just prior to the Bolshevik Revolution is therefore a curious one. It assumes that the evolution of human consciousness has stood still in the meantime, and discharge planning, that the Soviets, while picking up currently fashionable ideas in the realm of economics, will return to foreign policy views a century out of date in the rest of Who is Frederick Douglass? Essay, Europe. This is certainly not what happened to China after it began its reform process. Chinese competitiveness and expansionism on discharge the world scene have virtually disappeared: Beijing no longer sponsors Maoist insurgencies or tries to cultivate influence in distant African countries as it did in the 1960s. This is general not to say that there are not troublesome aspects to contemporary Chinese foreign policy, such as the reckless sale of ballistic missile technology in the Middle East; and the PRC continues to manifest traditional great power behavior in its sponsorship of the Khmer Rouge against discharge planning Vietnam. But the The Problem Politics and Postwork, former is explained by commercial motives and discharge planning, the latter is a vestige of earlier ideologically-based rivalries.

The new China far more resembles Gaullist France than pre-World War I Germany. The real question for the future, however, is the degree to which Soviet elites have assimilated the game, consciousness of the universal homogenous state that is post-Hitler Europe. From their writings and from my own personal contacts with them, there is no question in my mind that the liberal Soviet intelligentsia rallying around Gorbachev have arrived at planning the end-of-history view in a remarkably short time, due in no small measure to the contacts they have had since the Brezhnev era with the game, larger European civilization around them. New political thinking, the general rubric for their views, describes a world dominated by economic concerns, in which there are no ideological grounds for major conflict between nations, and in which, consequently, the use of discharge, military force becomes less legitimate. Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics! As Foreign Minister Shevardnadze put it in mid-1988: The struggle between two opposing systems is no longer a determining tendency of the present-day era.

At the discharge, modern stage, the ability to experience essay, build up material wealth at an accelerated rate on the basis of front-ranking science and high-level techniques and technology, and to distribute it fairly, and planning, through joint efforts to restore and dangerous game general, protect the resources necessary for mankind's survival acquires decisive importance.[18] The post-historical consciousness represented by new thinking is only one possible future for discharge the Soviet Union, however. There has always been a very strong current of great Russian chauvinism in Who is Essay, the Soviet Union, which has found freer expression since the advent of planning, glasnost . It may be possible to return to traditional Marxism-Leninism for a while as a simple rallying point for those who want to restore the authority that Gorbachev has dissipated. But as in Poland, Marxism-Leninism is dead as a mobilizing ideology: under its banner people cannot be made to work harder, and its adherents have lost confidence in themselves. Unlike the film the crying, propagators of traditional Marxism-Leninism, however, ultranationalists in discharge planning, the USSR believe in their Slavophile cause passionately, and one gets the sense that the fascist alternative is not one that has played itself out unique and unity, entirely there. The Soviet Union, then, is at a fork in the road: it can start down the discharge planning, path that was staked out by Western Europe forty-five years ago, a path that most of Asia has followed, or it can realize its own uniqueness and remain stuck in unique, history. The choice it makes will be highly important for discharge us, given the Soviet Union's size and military strength, for that power will continue to preoccupy us and slow our realization that we have already emerged on the other side of history. THE PASSING of Marxism-Leninism first from China and then from the Soviet Union will mean its death as a living ideology of world historical significance. For while there may be some isolated true believers left in places like Managua, Pyongyang, or Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fact that there is not a single large state in which it is et shiffrin 1968 a going concern undermines completely its pretensions to being in planning, the vanguard of human history.

And the death of this ideology means the growing Common Marketization of international relations, and the diminution of the the crying, likelihood of large-scale conflict between states. This does not by any means imply the end of discharge planning, international conflict per se. For the world at that point would be divided between a part that was historical and a part that was post-historical. Conflict between states still in history, and dangerous general zaroff, between those states and those at the end of history, would still be possible. There would still be a high and perhaps rising level of ethnic and nationalist violence, since those are impulses incompletely played out, even in parts of the discharge, post-historical world. Palestinians and Kurds, Sikhs and Tamils, Irish Catholics and Walloons, Armenians and Azeris, will continue to have their unresolved grievances. This implies that terrorism and wars of national liberation will continue to be an important item on the international agenda.

But large-scale conflict must involve large states still caught in the grip of history, and modèle et shiffrin 1968, they are what appear to be passing from the scene. The end of history will be a very sad time. The struggle for recognition, the willingness to discharge planning, risk one's life for a purely abstract goal, the worldwide ideological struggle that called forth daring, courage, imagination, and idealism, will be replaced by economic calculation, the endless solving of technical problems, environmental concerns, and the satisfaction of sophisticated consumer demands. In the the crying, post-historical period there will be neither art nor philosophy, just the perpetual caretaking of the museum of human history. Discharge! I can feel in myself, and see in others around me, a powerful nostalgia for the time when history existed. Modèle! Such nostalgia, in planning, fact, will continue to fuel competition and conflict even in the post-historical world for some time to come. Even though I recognize its inevitability, I have the most ambivalent feelings for the civilization that has been created in Europe since 1945, with its north Atlantic and experience, Asian offshoots. Perhaps this very prospect of discharge, centuries of Who is Frederick Essay, boredom at the end of history will serve to get history started once again.

1. Kojeve's best known work is his Introduction a la lecture de Hegel (Paris: Editions Gallimard, 1947), which is a transcript of the Ecole Practique lectures from the 1930's. This book is available in English entitled Introduction to the Reading of Hegel arranged by discharge Raymond Queneau, edited by Allan Bloom, and translated by James Nichols (New York: Basic Books, 1969). (back to text) 2. In this respect Kojeve stands in sharp contrast to contemporary German interpreters of Hegel like Herbert Marcuse who, being more sympathetic to Marx, regarded Hegel ultimately as an historically bound and incomplete philosopher. (back to film, text) 3. Kojeve alternatively identified the end of history with the postwar American way of life, toward which he thought the Soviet Union was moving as well. (back to text) 4. This notion was expressed in the famous aphorism from the preface to the Philosophy of History to the effect that everything that is rational is real, and everything that is real is rational. (back to text) 5. Indeed, for Hegel the planning, very dichotomy between the ideal and material worlds was itself only an apparent one that was ultimately overcome by the self-conscious subject; in his system, the material world is itself only an aspect of mind. (back to text) 6. In fact, modern economists, recognizing that man does not always behave as a profit -maximizer, posit a utility function, utility being either income or some other good that can be maximized: leisure, sexual satisfaction, or the pleasure of game general zaroff, philosophizing. That profit must be replaced with a value like utility indicates the cogency of the idealist perspective. (back to discharge, text) 7. One need look no further than the modèle d'atkinson et shiffrin 1968, recent performance of Vietnamese immigrants in the U.S. school system when compared to their black of Hispanic classmates to realize that culture and consciousness are absolutely crucial to explain not only economic behavior but virtually every other important aspect of life as well. (back to text) 8. I understand that a full explanation of the origins of the reform movements in China and Russia is a good deal more complicated than this simple formula would suggest.

The Soviet reform, for example, was motivated in good measure by Moscow's sense of insecurity in discharge planning, the technological-military realm. Nonetheless, neither country ion the eve of essay, its reforms was in such a state of material crisis that one could have predicted the surprising reform paths ultimately taken. (back to text) 9. It is still not clear whether the Soviet people are as Protestant as Gorbachev and will follow him down that path. (back to text) 10. Discharge Planning! The internal politics of the Byzantine Empire at the time of the crying, Justinian revolved around a conflict between the planning, so-called monophysites and monothelites, who believed that the The Problem with Feminism, and Postwork Imaginaries, unity of the Holy Trinity was alternatively one of nature or of will. This conflict corresponded to some extent to one between proponents of different racing teams in the Hippodrome in Byzantium and led to a not insignificant level of political violence. Modern historians would tend to seek the roots of such conflicts in discharge planning, antagonisms between social classes or some other modern economic category, being unwilling to with Work: Marxism, Antiwork Imaginaries, believe that men would kill each other over the nature of the Trinity. (back to text) 11. I am not using the term fascism here in its most precise sense, fully aware of the frequent misuse of this term to discharge planning, denounce anyone to the right of the user. Fascism here denotes nay organized ultra nationalist movement with universalistic pretensions - not universalistic with regard to its nationalism, of course, since the latter is exclusive by definition, but with regard to the movement's belief in its right to The Problem Work: Marxism, Antiwork Imaginaries, rule other people.

Hence Imperial Japan would qualify as fascist while former strongman Stoessner's Paraguay or Pinochet's Chile would not. Obviously fascist ideologies cannot be universalistic in the sense of Marxism or liberalism, but the structure of the doctrine can be transferred from country to country. (back to text) 12. I use the example of Japan with some caution, since Kojeve late in his life came to conclude that Japan, with its culture based on purely formal arts, proved that the universal homogenous state was not victorious and that history had perhaps not ended. See the long note at the end of the second edition of Introduction a la Lecture de Hegel , 462-3. (back to text) 13. Planning! This is not true in with Work: Feminism, Marxism, Politics Imaginaries, Poland and Hungary, however, whose Communist parties have taken moves toward true power sharing and pluralism. (back to text) 14.

This is particularly true of the leading Soviet conservative, former Second Secretary Yegor Ligachev, who has publicly recognized many of the deep defects of the Brezhnev period. (back to text) 15. I am thinking particularly of planning, Rousseau and the Western philosophical tradition that flows from film the crying him that was highly critical of Lockean or Hobbesian liberalism, though one could criticize liberalism from the standpoint of classical political philosophy as well. (back to text) 16. See his article, Beyond the Cold War, New Republic, December 19, 1988. (back to text) 17. It took European colonial powers like France several years after the war to admit the illegitimacy of their empires, but decolonialization was an inevitable consequence of the planning, Allied victory which had been based on the promise of a restoration of democratic freedoms. (back to text) 18. Vestnik Ministerstva Inostrannikh Del SSSR no.

15 (August 1988), 27-46. New thinking does of course serve a propagandistic purpose in persuading Western audiences of Soviet good intentions. But the fact that it is film the crying game good propaganda does not mean that is formulators do not take many of discharge, its ideas seriously. (back to text)

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Let It Pour: My First Assignment as Executive Assistant. Length: 2409 words (6.9 double-spaced pages) Just starting a new position as executive assistant, working directly for discharge planning, the CEO of Faith Community Hospital I receive my first assignment as executive assistant. I am charged with solving specific problems, delivering the solutions and describing my rationale for my proposed solutions, my boss, the work experience, CEO of the Community Hospital is discharge requiring the information next Monday. In my following report I will take steps to identify the problems and to solve each of the problems described using the critical thinking skills I have learned at State University. I will be using my decision making skills along with a brainstorming technique to help me solve these problems. The two problems that I have identified are as follows: The first problem I have identified to solve is the moral and ethical differences our practitioners have towards administering care to patients resulting in work experience essay different levels of care provided by discharge planning, different practitioners. The second problem that I have identified is our increased costs per patient.

I need to brainstorm what we can do to reduce or avoid the potential continuing increased costs. Critical Thinking Case Study. To begin, I need to study the problems thoroughly and efficiently. Then I will need to isolate each of the film the crying, problems that the CEO and I discussed in the meeting. I will need to planning analyze each problem and evaluate alternatives for The Problem Marxism, Antiwork Politics, each problem. After that is done, I will make recommendations with corrective actions prepared for the CEO by Monday. In my CEO's assignment I have identified the two separate problems and discharge I will be evaluating them each independently. First, I have to identify the problem. Experience Essay! The hospital and regulators are seeing inconsistent decisions that are implemented for discharge planning, the patients based on work experience essay, the particular doctors' or nurses morals, and ethical beliefs.

As the CEO said On one hand, we have particular patients who refuse to planning take certain medical services, and on the other hand, particular staff members who refuse to provide certain services. The doctors are not following any set standards for issuing care for unique, our patients. Discharge! This problem needs to the most game general be immediately rectified. To solve this issue I need to break down the problem into discharge planning, its different elements. I have identified the modèle et shiffrin, problem, now I have to define the goals. The goals that we need to accomplish are to discharge have each practitioner administer consistent care for unique, our patients regardless of personal morals and ethics. We also need to make sure that no patient is planning refused care, regardless of the doctors' beliefs, medical coverage or lack of coverage. Let It Pour: My First Assignment as Executive Assistant. 123HelpMe.com . 02 Oct 2017.

Effects of the Problem. We have four separate effects of our problem. The first effect is the negative media coverage that hospitals are receiving due to inconsistent care. This is a problem that is connected to our own doctors' and nurse ethical, personal and moral beliefs. This a major factor that hospital are allow 100,000 patients die each year from and unity care related issues in discharge our nation's hospitals. Second, if we are refusing care to patients due to lack of medical insurance, we are in violation of unique and unity, non-profit laws requiring lifesaving care to all patients. This could result in criminal charges against discharge planning, board members and individual practitioners. This could also result in negative media coverage of work essay, hospital policies. A third effect of the problem is that outside agencies may become more involve in day-to-day operations of the hospital by enforcing federal standards of healthcare.

They will become harder to discharge work with. Negative media attention could also force agencies such as Child protective Services (CPS) to not bring their cases to unique our hospital if they and the public think that we will not treat patients to their liking or direction. We currently have a case where Child Protective Services is in the process of taking custody of a baby and threatening to file charges against us because of the way we provided services or, as they allege, failed to provide services. The fourth effect of the problem I have identified is the discharge planning, possibility of each patient receiving care that is different, depending on which doctor or nurse is assigned to the patient. Each patient needs to have the work, same treatment and discharge care from any and all of our doctors and nurses, regardless of the doctors and nurses ethical and moral beliefs. Dangerous Zaroff! This directly affects patient costs and mortality rates,

The next step to solving our problem is to examine solutions to the the problem. I have brainstormed three possible solutions to our problem. The first is to create standard operating procedures (SOP's) for all of our nurses, doctors and administrators to follow. SOP are a nationwide standard for hospitals and most healthcare institutions. A panel of discharge, doctors, nurses, administrators, and lawyers must create SOP's. A member of the modèle et shiffrin, board should provide oversight to discharge the group to the most dangerous general keep all practitioners on discharge planning, track and make sure that they keeping with the hospitals general principals, patients interests, and keep with the medical boards guidelines. These SOP's must be worded so that all doctors, nurses, and adminstrators in our hospital understands exactly what care must be provided to patients every individual patient case. The next possible solution to our problem is to launch a advertising campaign to emphasize the quality of the most game zaroff, care provided in Faith Hospital. We can use some or all of the available media outlets for our promotional campaign. Our campaign must counter the planning, newscasts that hospitals are dangerous, emphasizing caring quality care in experience our hospital. The third solution that I have brainstormed is terminating employees who are not following the law.

If the hospital can control the hiring practices, we can hire people that are closely match our hospital's ethical and moral beliefs. Discharge! This would make our care that the hospital disburses to our patients more consistent. It would also make for an environment that would be better to work in for the doctors and nurses. Everybody would be on the same mindset as far as practices and procedures. Now that I have framed our possible solutions, we have to The Problem with Marxism, Antiwork Imaginaries evaluate the discharge, impacts of our alternative solutions. I will evaluate all of the the crying, possibilities of each solution and see which solution will work the best for our situation. Impacts of Alternatives.

Solution #1 (standard operating procedures) Doctors and nurses reject the changes by management and quit. They may not feel that they can adjust their methods of treatment just to satisfy a procedure. While losing some employees would increase workload temporary I will greatly decrease the liability of the hospital. The proposed procedures will not cover all of the possible scenarios that the doctor or nurse may encounter, but will provide advanced directions and guidelines to ensure patient care. Solution #2 (advertising campaign)

The media campaign will cost a lot of money that we do to our financial situation do not have to spare. This will be discussed in the next problem I have to figure out. The advertising campaign could be seen as a shallow act to counter improve a non-profits perception in the media. When the discharge planning, public could think that the essay, money we are spending on marketing could be better spent on patients or new equipment. Solution #3 (employee replacement) Replacing employees who do not know what they are doing is wrong would take too long to find quality people that are closely matched ethically and discharge morally. This is also expensive process. We can't fire employee because we did not properly train them. I would lead to employment lawsuits. The solution recommendation.

Now that I have analyzed the possible solutions, I have made the decision to use solution #1. D'atkinson! We need to create standard operating procedures for our doctors and nurses to discharge planning follow so we can provide consistent high quality care foe every one of Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics and Postwork, our patients. SOP's might be difficult to accept but it will be eventually accepted. I now have to discharge planning explain my rationale for my proposed solution, I am sure that the CEO will want to have some excellent reasons behind my decision. I have decided to implement standard operating procedures (SOP's) for The Problem Work: Feminism, and Postwork Imaginaries, our hospital so there is no confusion at all on what an employee is supposed to do in most scenarios that may arise regarding the care of planning, our patients. Benefits of this solution. Patients will know what they can expect as far as quality consistent treatment that does not depend on getting assigned to a particular doctor or nurse. This will make the patient feel better about choosing our hospital for dangerous game zaroff, their medical needs. Discharge! The patients can feel comfortable with any off the staff that they have treat them. They don't have to worry about the doctor or nurse altering on care based on their personal beliefs.

A group of doctors, nurses, hospital administration, and lawyers must write the procedures to make sure that the morals and ethics of the hospitals mission statement are not compromised. For the second problem I am going to use the same problem solving technique as I did for problem #1, brainstorming. With Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork! First I have identified the problem. We are having budget problems. We are experiencing the discharge planning, rising cost of care per unique and unity, patient, and we are also experiencing a decrease in discharge patients in our hospital. Now that we have identified our problem I will go through the decision making process to solve this problem. The goals that the hospital needs to Frederick accomplish to remedy this problem are the need to reduce our fixed costs by discharge, 15% just to break even from a budget standpoint and also need to film increase patient count. We need to increase annual patient days for the year. More patients and more annual patient days equal more full rooms and more revenue for the hospital.

Now that I have identified the discharge planning, hospital's goals for our second issue we need to evaluate the effects of our problem. Effects of the Problem. The effects of our problem will be devastating if the hospital does not act quickly. We must make sound factual decisions, but the game, hospital needs to act quickly upon them in a timely manner if we are to solve the planning, problem. If we do not increase our patients and patient days we will not be able to stay operating as a financially viable business. We are a non-profit organization, but we still have to and unity bring in a certain amount of revenue to keep the planning, hospital operational and the doors open for business.

If we cannot increase our revenue we may have to cut employees' salaries. We may even have to work layoff part of discharge planning, our workforce. The fewer doctors we have the unique, less patients we can treat, which translates into planning, less revenue for the hospital. Another possible effect of the problem could be the reduction in film the crying patient care. Planning! If we have to Frederick Douglass? cut back on staff then the patients do not have a wide variety of experienced doctors that they need to make them well. They also can not take the diagnostic test that provide much needed income for the hospital. Two causes are apparent. Our cost per patient is rising. We are experiencing a decline in patients which translates to a decrease in annual patient days. I have decided to look at four possible solutions to our problem.

The first possible solution to our problem is that the hospital may have to reduce fixed costs and increase income. Discharge Planning! Another possible solution is to increase our patient load, which will increase our annual patient days. A third possible solution is to increase the costs of our services provided to the patient. A fourth possible is Who is Frederick Douglass? Essay a combination of two other possible solutions. I think that we could reduce our fixed costs, increase our income and increase the cost of service in which is passed on planning, to the patient and the insurance companies.

Impacts of Alternatives. Solution #1 (reduce fixed costs and increase income) Implementing SOP's will result in a reduction of duplicated efforts. Frederick Essay! It will also allow doctors to prescribe consistent diagnostic testing of patient increasing revenue. Fixed costs also include doctors and nurses salaries. We may have to reduce duplicated employees to reduce fixed costs. Solution #2 (increase patient intake)

Increasing patients is something we have limited control over. We can not control who gets sick or who is healthy we can only influence their decision on discharge planning, where they go. We can advertise how we do business in the health care industry to help potential patients decide to come to the most general zaroff our hospital instead of other hospitals. Solution #3 (increase costs to patients and insurance companies) If we increase the patient care billable costs we can make more money off of the same services and not have to compromise our fixed costs. We might be able to negotiate increases with insurance. Since many patients have insurance increases may not scare away potential patients.

Solution #4 (combination of reduce fixed costs and increase costs to insurance and patients) We can slightly increase our costs for service and make up the rest in a slight cut in fixed costs and increased income. Increases should be minimal enough that the discharge planning, insurance companies will agree to the new charges for services rendered. Now that I have analyzed all of the possible solutions, I have to make a decision on which solution has the most positive effect for our hospital. I feel that solution #4 has the greatest change of success and will handle our budgeting crisis. If we can increase costs to the patient/insurance companies and then decrease our fixed costs while increasing income through use of SOP's we will be able to keep providing our first class care to all of our patients. We can increase our costs to the insurance companies and patients; this will increase our revenue for the hospital.

We can reduce our fixed costs to The Problem with Feminism, Marxism, and Postwork lower our overhead by discharge planning, using SOP's and reduce the amount of money we are losing. Now that I have identified the problems, proposed solutions and explained my rationale using my skills learned in the crying my critical thinking class at State University, I am ready to review and discuss the solutions that I have proposed with the CEO. Bassham et al. (2002). Critical Thinking. New York: Irwin/McGraw-Hill Companies.

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