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What is existential anxiety

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Gut-Level Legislation, or, Redistribution. Publication date Spring 2006. New American fiction is, to my mind, immediately and unhappily equivalent to new American short fiction. And yet I think the American short story is a dead form, unnaturally perpetuated, as Lukacs once wrote of the chivalric romance, by purely formal means, after the what is existential anxiety, transcendental conditions for its existence have already been condemned by the historico-philosophical dialectic. Having exhausted the conditions for its existence, the short story continues to be propagated in America by What a Hero a purely formal apparatus: by the big magazines, which, if they print fiction at all, sandwich one short story per issue between features and is existential reviews; and by workshop-based creative writing programs and their attendant literary journals. Todays short stories all seem to bear an invisible check mark, the ghastly imprimatur of the herbert spencer, fiction factory; the very sentences are animated by some kind of vegetable consciousness: I worked for Kristin, they seem to say, or Jeff thought I was fucking hilarious. Meanwhile, the ghosts of what anxiety deleted paragraphs rattle their chains from the margins. In the name of science, I recently read from cover to What Defines a Hero cover the Best American Short Stories anthologies of 2004 and anxiety 2005. Many of these stories seemed to Obama’s Appeals Regarding have been pared down to a nearly unreadable core of brisk verbs and vivid nouns. An indiscriminate premium has been placed on the particular, the tactile, the crisp, and the tartas if literary worth should be calibrated by resemblance to an apple (or, in the lingo of hyperspecificity, a McIntosh). Writers appear to be trying to identify as many concrete entities as possible, in what the fewest possible words.

The result is celebrated as lean, tight, well-honed prose. One of the by-products of What Essay hyperspecificity is a preponderance of proper names. For maximum specificity and minimum word count, names cant be beat. Julia, Juliet, Viola, Violet, Rusty, Lefty, Carl, Carla, Carleton, Mamie, Sharee, Sharon, Rose of Sharon (a Native American). In acknowledgment of the what is existential anxiety, times, the Defines a Hero, 2004 and 2005 volumes each contain exactly one Middle East story, each featuring a character called Hassan. I found these names annoying, universally so. I was no less annoyed by anxiety John Briggs or John Hillman than by Sybil Mildred Clemm Legrand Pascal, who invites the reader to call her Miss Sibby.

I was no more delighted by the cat called King Spanky than by What the cat called Cat. The authors had clearly weighed plausibility against what, precision; whichever way they inclined, there was the same aura of cheapness. Alarmed by civil service my own negativity, I began to what is existential wonder whether I might be doing the Obama’s Language Education, Best Americans some injustice. For a point of is existential anxiety comparison, I reread a few stories by herbert spencer Chekhov, who is still the ostensible role model for American short-fiction practitioners. (Search for the American Chekhov on Google, and you will get hits for what is existential, Carver, Cheever, Tobias Wolff, Peter Taylor, Andre Dubus, and unique Lorrie Moore, as well as several playwrights.) By comparison with the Best Americans, I found, Chekhov is is existential anxiety, quite sparing with names. In Lady with Lapdog, Gurovs wife gets a few lines of biography dialogue, but no name. Annas husband, Gurovs crony at the club, the lapdogall remain mercifully nameless.

Granted, Chekhov was writing from a different point in the historico-philosophical dialectic: a character could be called Gurovs wife, the bureaucrat, or the lackey, and nobody would take it as a political statement. The Best Americans are more democratic. Every last clerk, child, and is existential anxiety goat has a name. Nowhere is the best American barrage of names so relentless as in the first sentences, which are specific to the point of arbitrariness; one expects to service discover that they are all acrostics, or dont contain a single letter e. They all begin in medias res. For Slavists, the precedent for in medias res is set by Pushkins fragment The guests were arriving at the dacha. According to what is existential anxiety Tolstoys wife, this sentence inspired the opening of Anna Karenina . About The Plains On Canada! Would Pushkin have managed to is existential inspire anybody at all had he written: The night before Countess Maria Ivanovna left for Baden Baden, a drunken coachman crashed the Mirskys troika into the Pronskys dacha? He would not. Pushkin knew that it is neither necessary nor desirable for the first sentence of a literary work to answer the five ws and one h. Many of the Best Americans assume this perverse burden.

The result is and No, not just in medias res, but in-your-face in what anxiety medias res, a maze of Obama’s Regarding Education names, subordinate clauses, and minor collisions: The morning after her granddaughters frantic phone call, Lorraine skipped her usual coffee session at the Limestone Diner and anxiety drove out to civil meaning the accident scene instead; Graves had been sick for three days when, on the long, straight highway between Mazar and Kunduz, a dark blue truck coming toward them shed its rear wheel in a spray of orange-yellow sparks. I had to stare at these sentences (from Trudy Lewiss Limestone Diner and Tom Bissells Death Defier) for several minutes each. A first line like Lorraine skipped her usual coffee session at anxiety the Limestone Diner is supposed to create the Defines a Hero Essay, illusion that the reader already knows Lorraine, knows about her usual coffee, and, thus, cares why Lorraine has violated her routine. Its like a confidence man who rushes up and is existential claps you on the shoulder, trying to a Hero Essay make you think you already know him. Todays writers are hustling their readers, as if reading were some arduous weight-loss regime, or a form of community service; the public goes along, joking about how they really should read more. Is Existential! Oprah uses identical rhetoric to advocate reading and fitness; Martha Nussbaum touts literature as an exercise regime for compassion. Reading has become a Protestant good work: if you buy into Lorraines fate, it proves that you are a good person, capable of self-sacrifice and empathy. Another popular technique for waylaying the reader is the use of specificity as a shortcut to nostalgiaas if all a writer has to do is mention Little League or someone called Bucky McGee, and our shared American past will do the rest of the work.

Each of the Best American anthologies, for example, has a Little League story. I believe, with the Formalists, that literature has no inherently unsuitable subjectbut, if it did, this subject would surely be Little League. Both Best Americans include some variation on Obama’s Appeals Regarding Education Essay, the Western historical romance, e.g., Hart and Boot: The mans head and torso emerged from a hole in the ground, just a few feet from the rock where Pearl Hart sat smoking her last cigarette. There is what anxiety, a terrible threat in Obama’s Regarding Foreign Education Essay this sentence: is the reader really expected to think: Good old Pearl Hart? The best of the Best Americans are still the old mastersJoyce Carol Oates, Alice Munro, John Updikewriters who comply with the purpose of the what is existential anxiety, short-story form: namely, telling a short story. Biography! This sounds trivial, but isnt. The short-story form can only accommodate a very specific content: basically, absence. Missing persons, missed opportunities, very brief encounters, occuring in the margins of Life Itself: when the content is minimalist, then it makes sense to follow the is existential, short-fiction dictates: condense, delete, omit. Novels, like short stories, are often about absences; but they are based on information overload. A short story says, I looked for Is Homework All Pain Essay, x, and didnt find it, or, I was not looking anymore, and then I found x. A novel says, I looked for x, and found a, b, c, g, q, r, and w. The novel consists of all the irrelevant garbage, the effort to redeem that garbage, to integrate it into what Life Itself, to redraw the Hudson Plains on Canada, boundaries of Life Itself. What Is Existential Anxiety! The novel is a fundamentally ironic form; hence its power of self-regeneration. The short story is a fundamentally unironic form, and for Is Homework All Pain Essay, this reason I think it is doomed.

When the what is existential anxiety, available literary forms no longer match the available real-life content, the novel can reabsorb the mismatch and use it as material. Obama’s Regarding Foreign Language Education Essay! The canonical example is what, Don Quixote , a work which, according to his prologue, Cervantes conceived in a prison cell in Seville. Cervantes wanted to write a chivalric romance, but the gap between this form and his experience was too great. Then he broke through the and unity, formal prison: he made the gap the subject of a book. Many of the Best American stories are set in prisons and is existential psychiatric hospitals. Service Meaning! They are trying to is existential break out, but I dont think they will.

One of the Defines, most interesting contributions, Kelly Links Stone Animals, is about a family who moves into a new house that, very gradually, turns out to is existential be haunted. First a toothbrush becomes haunted, then the coffee machine, the downstairs bathroom. The haunted rooms can no longer be used; the Essay about on Canada, house becomes equivalent to Cervantess cell: all the narrative possibilities have been sealed off. The family has less and less space in which to is existential live. Appeals Regarding Education! The last sentence is creepy and vaguely polemical: In a little while, the dinner party will be over and the is existential anxiety, war will begin. Indeed, let the war begin. Todays literary situation is such that virtually all writers must, at least initially, write short stories. Several of the biography, Best American stories, Stone Animals among them, are really novelistic plots crammed into twenty pages. The short story is trying to expand into a catchall genre.

In fact, the novel is, at present, the is existential, only catchall genre we have; and it is shrinking. Novels have gotten so short lately, with the exception of Essay about Hudson those that have gotten very long. What Is Existential Anxiety! Most of the long novels fit under James Woods designation of hysterical realismwhich, while ostensibly opposed to Puritan minimalism, actually shares its basic assumption: writing as a form of self-indulgence and vanity. The difference is that, instead of eschewing what they consider to be wicked, the hysterical realists are forever confessing it. The recursions of David Foster Wallace and All Pain and No Gain? Dave EggersI confess that I, reprehensibly, want to be loved; this very confession is is existential anxiety, another reprehensible ploy to make you love meare a dreary Catholic riposte to a dreary Protestant attack. Essay About The Hudson! It would be equally productive for every writer to start every book with an apology for cutting down trees which could have been put to better use building houses for the homeless; followed by anxiety a second apology for the paper consumed by the first apology. Here is the unique and unity, crux of the problem, the single greatest obstacle to American literature today: guilt.

Guilt leads to anxiety the idea that all writing is self-indulgence. Is Homework All Pain And No Gain?! Writers, feeling guilty for what, not doing real work, that mysterious activitywhere is it? On Wall Street, at Sloane-Kettering, in Sudan?turn in shame to the notion of writing as craft. (If art is aristocratic, decadent, egotistical, self-indulgent, then craft is useful, humble, ascetic, anorexica form of whittling.) Craft solicits from them constipated vignettesas if to say: Well, yes, its bad, but at a Hero least there isnt too much of what is existential anxiety it. As if writing well consisted of overcoming human weakness and bad habits. As if writers became writers by omitting needless words. American novelists are ashamed to Is Homework and No Essay find their own lives interesting; all the rooms in the house have become haunted, the is existential, available subjects have been blocked off. What remains to be written about? (A) nostalgic and historical subjects; (B) external, researched subjects, also sometimes historical; (C) their own self-loathing; and/or (D) terrible human suffering. Is Homework All Pain Gain? Essay! For years, Lorrie Moore has only written about cancer. In A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius , Dave Eggers implies that anyone who does not find his story compelling is unsympathetic to cancer victims; he describes in gory detail how he plans to eviscerate such people, how he plans to what is existential anxiety be eviscerated by them in turn. For writers who arent into cancer, there is the Holocaust, and of course the items can be recombined: cancer and the Holocaust, cancer and American nostalgia, the Holocaust and American nostalgia.

For the last combination, you cant do better than Michael Chabons The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier Clay , with its memorable opening sentence: In later years, holding forth to an interviewer or to an audience of aging fans at service a comic book convention, Sam Clay liked to declare, apropos of his and what Joe Kavaliers greatest creation, that back when he was a boy, sealed and hog-tied inside the The on Canada, airtight vessel known as Brooklyn New York, he had been haunted by dreams of what is existential anxiety Harry Houdini. All the elements are there: the nicknames, the clauses, the five ws, the physical imprisonment, the Defines, nostalgia. (As if a fictional character could have a greatest creation by the first sentenceas if he were already entitled to be holding forth to fans.) Throughout the what anxiety, novel, Chabon does actually generate a fair amount of nostalgiabut then he goes and dumps the entire burden of character development on the Holocaust. Joe Kavalier is a master magician, an escape artist, a writer of fabulous comic books, a charismatic and fundamentally mysterious personuntil, that is, Chabon explains to us that the reason Kavalier became an escape artist was to escape from Hitler. The reason he could produce a blockbuster cartoon superhero was that he had a psychological need to create a hero who could knock Hitlers lights out on a weekly basis. W. G. Obama’s Appeals Regarding Education! Sebalds Austerlitz has a nearly identical premise, minus the American nostalgia. What! It, too, features an authorial stand-in, a la Sam Clay, who finds in some other person a source of narrative. Austerlitz is, like Kavalier, a human enigma who disappears for years on end, leaving trails of spencer biography clues; in the end, the solution is nothing other than the Final Solution. Austerlitzs and Kavaliers parents both perished, peculiarly enough, in the same Czech ghetto, Terezin. What! Austerlitz and Regarding Foreign Education Essay Kavalier are both obsessed with moths; they both have Holocaust-induced problems with women. (Austerlitzs one love affair, with a woman called Marie, fizzles out during a trip to Marienbad, where he is oppressed by anxiety an inexplicable terror; later we understand that its because he is actually Jewish, and his parents were killed in What Defines Essay the Holocaust, and once they went on vacation to Marienbad.)

Its not that the big pathologies cant be written about, or cant be written about well; Oatess The Cousins ( Best American 2005), for example, is about both the what anxiety, Holocaust and cancer, and is still a good story. Foreign Language Education! It consists of the letters between two cousins, aging women: one survived the Holocaust and became a famous writer, the other grew up in America and became a retiree in Florida. They were supposed to meet as children, but never did. The twist is that both cousins are interesting and mysterious; both have suffered; and they are bound by what some hereditary, unarticulated, Zolaesque link. Among the novelists who write about the Second World War, I confess that my favorite is service meaning, Haruki Murakami.

Murakamis The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle opens with a small, personal mysterythe disappearance of the narrators catwhich turns out to be related to how the narrator never really understood his wife, who also disappears. The two disappearances are subsequently linked to the occupation of Manchuria, the torture killing of a Japanese soldier, and various other personal and global events. The narrator is moved by all the big historical themes that pass through the novel, but he suffers more immediately from the loss of is existential anxiety his catas in Brueghels picture of the farmer ploughing his field while Icarus drowns. We never learn exactly what the Essay about Plains on Canada, Manchurian occupation has to do with the missing cat. The big historical mysteries are related to, but do not seamlessly explain, the small everyday mysteries. By contrast, I feel sure that if Sebald or Chabon had written Wind-Up Bird , the is existential, narrator would have discovered that his own father had been killed in the Manchurian campaign, and thats why his wife left him and his cat ran away. Murakami isnt the worlds greatest novelist; you could say that his novels are all botched on some basic level. Herbert Spencer! The turns in the plot are often achieved unsatisfyingly, by dreams, or by a character deciding to sit in the bottom of a well; the narrators receive an is existential inordinate amount of oral sex from bizarrely dressed middle-aged women.

But botchedness also gives Murakamis novels a quixotic dynamism. Murakamis latest work, Kafka on the Shore , contains a prescient discussion on the subject of minor novelsin fact, on a minor novel called The Miner . The Miner is about a young man who has an unhappy love affair, runs away from home, ends up working in a mine alongside the dregs of society, and then returns to his ordinary life. Nothing in the novel shows he learned anything from civil meaning these experiences, that his life changed, that he thought deeply now about the meaning of life or started questioning society, Murakamis narrator explains: it is completely unclear why the author decided to write The Miner which makes it particularly valuable to the narrator, by is existential anxiety virtue of its very openness. Literature needs novels like The Miner , where you go into the mine and nothing happens; novels unlike Germinal , where you go into meaning the mine and come out a socialist. Perhaps modern American literature has kept the worst parts of Zola. We lost the genetic mysticism and what the graphomaniaall of us, perhaps, except Joyce Carol Oatesand we kept the Is Homework Essay, guilty social conscience. Dear American writers, break out is existential anxiety of the jail! Sell the and unity, haunted house, convert it to tourist villas.

Puncture the airtight vessel known as Brooklyn New York. Write long novels, pointless novels. Do not be ashamed to grieve about personal things. Dear young writers, write with dignity, not in guilt. How you write is how you will be read. My Life and Times in American Journalism. Like Oedipus, we flout the warning, and well act surprised, even outraged, when we find out what what weve done. Every now and then he looked up to ask what Evo was saying, since at his seventy-two years of age, Hugo Blanco is Language Essay, nearly deaf. The problem with autonomy and end-of-life decisions is largely a problem of information.

It is what is existential, not possible to be a German. If it were, hardly anyone would like to be one. If anyone would stop doing his job should his income drop to $100,000 a year, he should not be doing that job. Issue 4 Gut-Level Legislation, or, Redistribution Mark Greif. Issue 4 My Life and Times in and unity American Journalism Philip Connors. All useful poetry criticism since the 60s has come either from what academics or from herbert spencer biography people committed to little magazines. Literature is what is existential, only an art. Biography! If it improves you, it does so the way health, riches, and elegant clothes do.

There are plenty of what anxiety clones, yes, but like Dolly the sheep, they age quickly and soon die. In the age of BookScan, only an All Pain unpublished writer is allowed to is existential anxiety keep his dignity. It is in an aroused consciousness that the Appeals Foreign Essay, solace and excitement of literature are to be found. As vague a categorical designation as literary fiction is, it bestowed on non-genre novels the gift of a brand. In paying homage to sincerity, post-ironic fiction more often confirms its exile from the truth. Our generation seems far too aware that reading is safe and fun, that literature is spectacle.

Issue 4 Why Repeat These Sad Things? Meline Toumani. Issue 4 The Mystery Guest Gregoire Bouillier. Issue 4 Afternoon of the Sex Children Mark Greif. Issue 4 Two Stories John Haskell. Issue 4 Melodramatic Installations Ilya Kliger. Issue 4 Three Stories Rebecca Schiff. Issue 4 The Joy of Edge Tools Misha Hoekstra. You, dear reader, are also supposed to be a clone among clones. And really, whod be the wiser? Never trust a man who insists that he is sincere.

How does Vollmann intend to be helpful, to is existential save a life, to benefit someone? Issue 2 Babel in California Elif Batuman. Issue 9 Summer in Samarkand, Part II Elif Batuman. A specter is haunting the academythe specter of What Defines a Hero Essay close reading. Go to Uzbekistan now . . . or you will never get departmental funding ever again?

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Write a resume that will land you a programming job. Justin James lays out what is existential anxiety what he sees on a developer's resume that makes him say wow!. and what makes him say ugh! I usually read 5 - 20 resumes each week. Both my boss and herbert spencer biography I are extremely busy, so it's important that a programmer's resume grab our attention quickly by anxiety, providing the right mix of civil service, necessary information with something that makes that person stand out is existential from the pack. I've been involved with our hiring process for more than six months, so I feel fairly confident that I can distill what it takes for Regarding Language Education a programming resume to get me to is existential, say, Let's arrange an Appeals Regarding Education interview. What Is Existential! Here are my tips for writing and organizing a pitch perfect programming resume. Keep in mind: I am not every hiring manager; also, all resumes go through our recruiters and and unity HR department first. Anxiety! Moreover, regular readers know that some of my ideas fall a touch outside the norm when it comes to what makes a good developer. Reading the in-depth details of how you used mainstream skill XYZ to accomplish typical task ABC is not at the top of my agenda.

I want to What, see your skills up front, so I don't need to go trolling through your resume to anxiety, see if you meet my minimum needs. Skip the summary and All Pain and No maybe even the objective. Those summaries are a waste of my time. It is is existential anxiety going to say something like seasoned IT pro civil service meaning, with great communication skills or proven veteran with 10 years of what is existential anxiety, programming experience. Service! How do I know this? Because they all say this. Skip it, please. The objective is a slightly different story; it is anxiety useful only service, if it informs the interviewer about something that the skills and experience does not. Is Existential Anxiety! The objective's relevance to me is service largely a function of whether you wish to what anxiety, keep doing what you have been doing.

If I see you have been programming particularly at the data access layer and the business object layer and there is no objective, I am going to assume that you are looking for more of the same with a different employer or location. If you want to about Hudson on Canada, do more of that work and put an what objective, you are wasting space. Herbert! If you are looking for a change of pace like getting more into the presentation layer or heading towards a management track it's important to state that in what is existential your resume. Otherwise, we may discover during the interview that you are not interested in what we have to offer. Some IT hiring managers put a huge emphasis on herbert spencer, certain educations but I do not. I always want you to what is existential, list your school and your major, but I will only ask you about your education if there is civil something unusual or intriguing. For instance, a candidate with a Computer Science degree from MIT or with a PhD in Organic Chemistry will draw my eye because these degrees show a level of high intelligence. On the flipside, an AA in basket weaving or a lack of a degree will not count against you. In most cases, I am not even curious about your education until I have already made up my mind. This includes certifications MCSEs and CCNAs do not impress me that much at this point. What Anxiety! They matter to Essay about The Hudson, some folks, and they do not hurt you in my opinion, but I will only take that certification into account if all else is equal.

Even if my project is a run-of-the-mill Web-based, data driven application (which it is not), I still want to see that you are more than someone with 10 years of experience writing run-of-the-mill Web-based, data driven applications. For example, compare these two items: East Coast Power - Programmer 1999 - 2005. Wrote VB applications to control machinery. The hardware interface was handled in a COM library that was written by what is existential, another team. Application was robust and reliable. Essay Hudson Plains On Canada! Wrote Web-based tool to track system faults. Created Web service to allow partners to consume portions of the database. East Coast Power - Programmer 1999 - 2005. Wrote VB applications to control nuclear reactor.

Real-time control and monitoring of systems handling 10,000 unique data inputs per second. Wrote advanced algorithms in C# to is existential anxiety, detect imminent system failure, which were used within a Web-based application. Created Web service in C# to allow partners to access data in a secure, reliable, and responsive manner; typical data set was 1,000,000 rows and concurrency challenges needed to a Hero Essay, be overcome at the database and application layers. See the difference? Control machinery does not help me much you could have been working on the elevator system for all I know. Anxiety! Programming a nuclear reactor impresses me, especially since there has not been any nuclear reactor disasters during your employment. Writing advanced algorithms in C# touches my engineer's heart; whereas writing a mere Web-based tool is ho hum. And, while writing a Web service is fairly simple, particularly in ASP.Net, it's not so easy to write one that is secure, reliable, and responsive with that size of service, a data set. What Is Existential! It's also not easy to deal with concurrency issues at two different levels. I am not saying that it needs to be wordy or full of minute details, but if you are doing work beyond what a summer intern could do, I need to Is Homework All Pain and No Gain? Essay, know about it.

Every developer has written a Web-based, data driven application. Show me more. Make sure that your experience highlights your skills. I don't expect your employment history to include a list of all your skills. Is Existential Anxiety! But if you are looking for work as a .Net developer, show me that you have done some .Net work. If you do not list that experience, I am going to assume that you have little or no experience with it even if it is on your skill list. If you have large amounts of experience outside of the Obama’s Appeals Regarding Essay workforce, find a way to show that on your resume. Keep your resume between two to four pages long.

I have struggled through seven-page resumes filled with jargon and what is existential boring details that made me want to herbert spencer, cry. What Anxiety! An overly long resume doesn't necessarily make me rule out a candidate, but why make it hard on me? On the other hand, a resume that tries to stick to the one page rule is not going to cut it for a technical person unless they are new to the field. In my experience, two to four pages is unique just right. Also, please use some whitespace, so I do not feel like I am drowning. While technical pros' resumes do not need to what anxiety, be pretty, formatting can make a huge difference in a resume's readability. If you cannot put three pages of text in service front of is existential anxiety, me in a readable form, do I really want you touching the UI or writing code that someone else might have to maintain? I recommend that you stick to a larger font size (e.g., 10 - 12 pt.) in a font that reads well onscreen and in All Pain and No Gain? print (e.g., Verdana, Arial, Tahoma, Calibri, Helvetica).

If you want a slightly fancier font, use it only for section headers. Also, do not mix Serif and Sans Serif fonts that is just ugly. Do not use Comic Sans anywhere, especially in hot pink or baby blue (and yes, unfortunately, this needs to be stated). Keep your margins and space between paragraphs large enough to provide the reader some breathing room. I give applicants some slack on employment history. What! For instance, five year stints are fairly rare in IT, and I give anyone a lot of herbert biography, leeway if their history includes anything that occurred during the dot com boom/bust. If you are (or were) a contractor or consultant, make sure that is clearly stated; otherwise, I will think that you get fired and/or quit every 3 - 12 months.

If you were not a contractor or a consultant, and it looks like you have a hard time staying at a job, I am going to be very cautious. If I see an is existential anxiety increasing progression of on Canada, job titles, mercenary pops into what anxiety my head. Also, if I see that they are lateral (or worse, negative) moves, bad apple is my first thought. Of course, sometimes you get hit with a string of employers that go under or get acquired it happens to Essay about The Hudson Plains, the best of us. If that is the case, find a way to convey that information so I don't think you are unemployable. It is critical that the spelling and grammar in your resume is flawless. I have seen applicants misspell the name of their state and what the name of their school.

If grammar and spelling are not your forte, ask someone to meaning, look over your resume for is existential you. While I understand that many IT pros are not native English language speakers (or are English language speakers who paid little attention to those subjects in and unity school), you should still ask someone for help. In fact, knowing when to ask for anxiety help is Defines a hallmark of the best developers. If I interview you and what is existential realize from your speech that you had the herbert biography sense and humility to ask someone for help on your resume, I am going to is existential anxiety, be truly impressed. Service Meaning! (For examples of what not to do, check out this list of real-life resume blunders.) Stay out of EEO (Equal Employment Opportunity) territory. In the United States, companies with more than 10 employees need to anxiety, follow EEO rules. Obama’s Appeals Regarding Foreign! These rules state that an employer cannot discriminate against or show preference for an employee based on certain group membership items or personal lifestyle issues, such as gender, age, ethnicity, nation of origin, religion, sexual orientation, and is existential anxiety so on.

So, do me a favor and try to not expose any EEO-related information to me on the resume. In a face-to-face interview or even a phone interview, some of spencer biography, it will be unavoidable. But I will never solicit that information. Not only do I want to keep my employer and myself out of trouble, but I personally feel that EEO is what is existential anxiety important. I can understand that many names (or even college attended) are strongly correlated with ethnicity, religion, or nation (or at least general geographic region) of origin, and college graduation or attendance dates give some age clues. Minimize this as much as possible. Please do not tell me about your church, your family situation, your home life, your parents, and so on.

It is not that I am not interested I would probably love to learn these things about you if we hire you but I do not need or want to know them before that you come on board. Outside interests, hobbies, achievements, and activities. I like to see these, but only if they are relevant. I really do not need to a Hero, know about how big of a fan you are of the what is existential New York Knicks; but if you wrote a piece of software that can do something nifty with the herbert team's statistics for fun, I would love to know about it. People who contribute to open source projects get a huge gold star in my book, but only if I feel like they would be comfortable working on what, proprietary software with proprietary tools, and not bringing anything GPL'ed into my codebase. Obama’s Appeals Regarding Foreign Language Education! That is a small caveat there. Contributed to is existential anxiety, project XYZ in All Pain the areas of ABC and DEF is enough to what anxiety, whet my appetite. Show me some outside learning too don't let me think that you get home at 6;00 and shut off your brain. If this work is not interesting enough for you to read about Is Homework and No Essay or experiment with on your own time, why would I think that you will be engaged or even interested in the job we would hire you for? Please give me something meaty that we can discuss during the what is existential interview.

So, where it is relevant, try to show me how much of unique, a nerd you are. For instance, try to mention the hovercraft you made from an inner tube and a lawn mower engine. Make note of the what is existential anxiety iterative, evolutionary game theory system you coded in Lisp that proves that Nash's equilibrium is Defines Essay dead wrong. Tell me something about your three chess championship victories. I do not want to know that you memorized UHF or that you have a pocket protectors collection that have logos of what is existential, now defunct minicomputer vendors. I know most of this falls under the What Defines Essay previous section, but it is relevant.

I love to work with programmers who love technology and logic and using their brains. People like that are simply better programmers. Why would I want to hire someone who is intellectually lazy for an intellectually challenging job? Obscure or nonmainstream technologies. I am not hiring Lisp, Prolog, Erlang, APL, Scheme, Clipper, PowerBuilder, Delphi, Pascal, Perl, Ruby, Python (forgive me for including those four in this list), Fortran, Ada, Algol, PL/1, OCaml, F#, Spec#, Smalltalk, Logo, StarLogo, Haskell, ML, D, Cobra, B, or even COBOL (which is fairly mainstream) developers. Anxiety! If you show these on your resume, I will want to herbert, interview you just for the sake of slipping in a few questions about what these items. Civil! I am serious. As part of my secret geekiness, I am really into obscure and almost obscure languages and anxiety technologies. I know that a lot of those items take better-than-industry-average intellect and experience to do; they also provide a set of unique, experiences that gives their practitioners a great angle on anxiety, problems. While you will never directly use those skills in What Defines a Hero my shop, you will be using those ways of thinking, and it will give us something to talk about on your first day.

( Aside: A coworker was shocked to learn that I played Half Life. He said, You are such a business person' I never thought you played video games. I guess I'm camouflaging my secret geekiness too well!) I've given away crown jewels here. In my perspective, these tips will help any programmer write a perfect resume and get them an interview. What do you think gets applicants an interview?

If you read resumes as either a hiring manager, a recruiter, or an HR employee, what makes you say wow! or ugh! when you see it on paper? Justin James is the Lead Architect for Conigent. Justin James is the is existential Lead Architect for Conigent. We deliver the top business tech news stories about the companies, the What a Hero people, and what the products revolutionizing the planet. Our editors highlight the TechRepublic articles, galleries, and videos that you absolutely cannot miss to herbert spencer biography, stay current on the latest IT news, innovations, and tips.

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Action Verbs #8212; By Skills Categories. Remember to use the below action verbs when describing your skills and accomplishments in what, a resume or cover letterby doing so, you’ll maximize the effectiveness of your accomplishments, and make potential employers take notice. Be sure to spencer use these action verbs in what anxiety, their proper context. Always use action verbs in the past tense when describing responsibilities and accomplishments from a previous job . Is Homework All Pain Essay? Here’s an example: Trained, led, and supervised a team of content editors in the development, structuring, and writing of online classes. Always use action verbs in the present tense when describing responsibilities and accomplishments in anxiety, a current job . Remember, these are leads words that start off each descriptive bullet point of a job description. Train, lead, and Essay supervise a team of content editors in what anxiety, the development, structuring, and unique writing of anxiety, online classes.

Addressed Advertised Arbitrated Arranged Articulated Authored Clarified Collaborated Communicated Composed Condensed Conferred Consulted Contacted Conveyed Convinced Corresponded Debated Defined Developed Directed Discussed Drafted Edited Elicited Enlisted Explained Expressed Formulated Furnished Incorporated Influenced Interacted Interpreted Interviewed Involved Joined Judged Lectured Listened Marketed Mediated Moderated Negotiated Observed Outlined Participated Persuaded Presented Promoted Proposed Publicized Reconciled Recruited Referred Reinforced Reported Resolved Responded Solicited Specified Spoke Suggested Summarized Synthesized Translated Wrote. Acted Adapted Began Combined Composed Conceptualized Condensed Created Customized Designed Developed Directed Displayed Drew Entertained Established Fashioned Formulated Founded Illustrated Initiated Instituted Integrated Introduced Invented Modeled Modified Originated Performed Photographed Planned Revised Revitalized Shaped Solved. What A Hero Essay? Administered Adjusted Allocated Analyzed Appraised Assessed Audited Balanced Budgeted Calculated Computed Conserved Corrected Determined Developed Estimated Forecasted Managed Marketed Measured Netted Planned Prepared Programmed Projected Qualified Reconciled Reduced Researched Retrieved Slashed Sliced. Adapted Advocated Aided Answered Arranged Assessed Assisted Clarified Coached Collaborated Contributed Cooperated Counseled Demonstrated Diagnosed Educated Encouraged Ensured Expedited Facilitated Familiarized Furthered Guided Helped Insured Intervened Motivated Prevented Provided Referred Rehabilitated Represented Resolved Simplified Supplied Supported Volunteered. Administered Analyzed Appointed Approved Assigned Attained Authorized Chaired Considered Consolidated Contracted Controlled Converted Coordinated Decided Delegated Developed Directed Eliminated Emphasized Enforced Enhanced Established Executed Generated Handled Headed Hosted Improved Incorporated Increased Initiated Inspected Instituted Led Managed Merged Motivated Navigated Organized Originated Overhauled Oversaw Planned Presided Prioritized Produced Recommended Reorganized Replaced Restored Reviewed Scheduled Secured Selected Streamlined Strengthened Supervised Terminated.

Approved Arranged Catalogued Categorized Charted Classified Coded Collected Compiled Corrected Corresponded Distributed Executed Filed Generated Incorporated Inspected Logged Maintained Monitored Obtained Operated Ordered Organized Prepared Processed Provided Purchased Recorded Registered Reserved Responded Reviewed Routed Scheduled Screened Submitted Supplied Standardized Systematized Updated Validated Verified. What? Analyzed Clarified Collected Compared Conducted Critiqued Detected Determined Diagnosed Evaluated Examined Experimented Explored Extracted Formulated Gathered Inspected Interviewed Invented Investigated Located Measured Organized Researched Reviewed Searched Solved Summarized Surveyed Systematized Tested. Adapted Advised Clarified Coached Communicated Conducted Coordinated Critiqued Developed Enabled Encouraged Evaluated Explained Facilitated Focused Guided Individualized Informed Instilled Instructed Motivated Persuaded Simulated Stimulated Taught Tested Trained Transmitted Tutored. Orlando Haynes is an Appeals Language, author, speaker, CEO, and founder of The Inside Recruiter LLC, a full service career coaching company with one mission: #8220;Taking you from the job seeker to the sought after.#8221; The Inside Recruiter offers a wide array of career enhancement services, including resume writing, interview coaching, job search assistance, career workshops, and much more. Orlando brings 14 years of experience and is existential anxiety insider knowledge to the game, and is ready to help job seekers realize their career goals and dreams.

Learn more here. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Spencer Biography? Since 2005, LiveCareers team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr.

Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Is Existential? Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the herbert oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on anxiety the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of What a Hero Essay, MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and is existential EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. All Pain? Dr. Hansen is what is existential, also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. Hes often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an Obama’s Appeals Language Essay, educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Anxiety? Visit his personal Website or reach him by What a Hero email at randall@quintcareers.com.

Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for what is existential anxiety all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for Defines Essay a long time, but you do not have to what is existential go through the meaning process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and is existential anxiety Job-Hunting Blog.

Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and about Hudson Plains on Canada scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of is existential, Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Appeals Careerists. What? Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of The, Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of is existential, Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and civil employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to what anxiety go straight to the career and Is Homework All Pain and No employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of what, Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to The the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and what anxiety more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to spencer biography the career and employment section of the what anxiety [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Essay On Canada? Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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essay on world views Index To Other Beliefs . World Religions, Postmodernism, Evolution, Atheism, New Age etc. by Jerry Solomon. . the cherished premises or assumptions you hold about ultimate reality, human beings, and what is existential anxiety the relationship between the two. Please Note: Each coloured link within the article will lead you to and unity a related topic on a different page of this site. However while the text is what anxiety, part of the original article, the Is Homework Gain?, links are not. The author of what anxiety this article may, or may not, agree with the views expressed on those pages, or anything else on this site.. In two national surveys conducted by Barna Research, one among adults and Obama’s Regarding Foreign Language Education one among teenagers, people were asked if they believe that there are moral absolutes that are unchanging or that moral truth is relative to the circumstances. By a 3-to-1 margin (64% vs.

22%) adults said truth is always relative to the person and their situation. The perspective was even more lopsided among teenagers, 83% of whom said moral truth depends on what the circumstances, and only 6% of whom said moral truth is absolute. Christians have very gradually become disturbed over herbert permissiveness, pornography, the public schools, the breakdown of the family, and finally abortion. But they have not seen this as a totality - each thing being a part, a symptom of a much larger problem. They have failed to see that all of this has come about what, due to a shift in the world view - that is, through a fundamental change in the overall way people think and view the world and life as a whole. This shift has been away from a world view that was at least vaguely Christian in people's memory (even if they were not individually Christian) toward something completely different - toward a world view based upon the idea that the final reality is impersonal matter or energy shaped into its present form by impersonal chance. [Francis A. What A Hero Essay? Schaeffer, A Christian Manifesto, 1981] (All Paths.. One Destination? ) A friend of mine recently told me of a conversation he had with a good friend we will call Joe. Joe is a doctor. He is not a Christian. This is how the conversation went: Joe, you're an excellent doctor. Is Existential Anxiety? You care deeply about your patients.

Why do you care so much for people since you believe we have evolved by chance? What gives us value? Joe was stunned by Obama’s Appeals Foreign Language Essay, the question and couldn't answer it. His world view had taken a blow. The concept of a world view has received increasing attention for the past several years. Many books have been written on the subject of world views from both Christian and non-Christian perspectives. Frequently speakers will refer to the term. On occasion even reviews of movies and music will include the phrase.

All this attention prompts us to ask, What does the term mean? and what is existential What difference does it make? It is our intent to answer these questions. And it is our hope that all of us will give serious attention to our own world view, as well as the world views of those around us. What is a World View? What is a World View ? A variety of definitions have been offered by numerous authors.

For example, James Sire asserts that A world view is a set of presuppositions (or assumptions) which we hold (consciously or subconsciously) about the basic makeup of our world. Phillips and Brown state that A worldview is, first of service all, an explanation and interpretation of the world and what is existential anxiety second, an application of this view to life . In simpler terms, our worldview is a view of the world and a view for the world . Walsh and Middleton provide what we think is the most succinct and understandable explanation: A world view provides a model of the All Pain and No, world which guides its adherents in the world . Is Existential? With the All Pain and No, realization that many subtleties can be added, this will be our working definition. The Need for what, a World View. World views act somewhat like eye glasses or contact lenses. That is, a world view should provide the biography, correct prescription for making sense of the what is existential anxiety, world just as wearing the correct prescription for Defines, your eyes brings things into focus.

And, in either example, an incorrect prescription can be dangerous, even life-threatening. People who are struggling with world view questions are often despairing and even suicidal. Thus it's important for us to give attention to the formulation of the anxiety, proper world view. Arthur Holmes states that the need for a world view is fourfold: the need to unify thought and life; the need to define the good life and unique and unity find hope and meaning in life; the need to guide thought; the need to guide action. Yet another prominent need for is existential, the proper world view is to help us deal with an increasingly diverse culture. Civil Meaning? We are faced with a smorgasbord of what is existential world views, all of which make claims concerning truth. We are challenged to sort through this mixture of world views with wisdom.

These needs are experienced by All Pain and No, all people, either consciously or unconsciously. All of us have a world view with which we strive to meet such needs. What? The proper world view helps us by orienting us to the intellectual and philosophical terrain about us. World views are so much a part of our lives that we see and hear them daily, whether we recognize them or not. For example, movies, television, music, magazines, newspapers, government, education, science, art, and Regarding Foreign Language Education all other aspects of culture are affected by world views. If we ignore their importance, we d o so to our detriment. Testing World Views. A world view should pass certain tests.

First, it should be rational. It should not ask us to believe contradictory things. Second, it should be supported by evidence. It should be consistent with what we observe. Third, it should give a satisfying comprehensive explanation of reality. It should be able to explain why things are the way they are. Fourth, it should provide a satisfactory basis for living. It should not leave us feeling compelled to borrow elements of another world view in what is existential order to live in this world. Components Found in All World Views.

In addition to putting world views to these tests, we should also see that world views have common components. These components are self-evident. It is important to keep these in mind as you establish your own world view, and as you share with others. There are four of them. First, something exists . This may sound obvious, but it really is an unique important foundational element of world view building since some will try to deny it. But a denial is self- defeating because all people experience cause and effect. The universe is rational; it is predictable. Second, all people have absolutes . Again, many will try to deny this, but to deny it is to assert it. All of us seek an infinite reference point. For some it is God; for others it is the state, or love, or power, and for some this reference point is themselves or man. Third, two contradictory statements cannot both be right . This is a primary law of logic that is what anxiety, continually denied.

Ideally speaking, only one world view can correctly mirror reality. This cannot be overemphasized in light of the prominent belief that tolerance is the ultimate virtue. To say that someone is wrong is labeled intolerant or narrow-minded. A good illustration of this is when we hear people declare that all religions are the same. Obama’s Education? It would mean that Hindus, for example, agree with Christians concerning God, Jesus, salvation, heaven, hell, and a host of other doctrines. Is Existential? This is nonsense.

Fourth, all people exercise faith . What A Hero? All of us presuppose certain things to be true without absolute proof. What Is Existential Anxiety? These are inferences or assumptions upon Defines Essay which a belief is based. This becomes important, for example, when we interact with those who allege that only the is existential, scientist is completely neutral. Some common assumptions are: a personal God exists; man evolved from inorganic material; man is essentially good; reality is material. As we dialogue with people who have opposing world views, an understanding of Essay these common components can help us listen more patiently, and they can guide us to make our case more wisely. Six World View Questions. Have you ever been frustrated with finding ways to anxiety stir the Obama’s Appeals Regarding, thinking of what is existential anxiety a non-Christian friend? We are confident the following questions will be of help. And we are also confident they will stir your thinking about the subject of world views.

We will answer these questions with various non-Christian responses. Christian responses will be discussed later in this article. First, Why is there something rather than nothing? Some may actually say something came from nothing. Others may state that something is here because of impersonal spirit or energy. And many believe matter is eternal. Second, How do you explain human nature? Frequently people will say we are born as blank slates, neither good nor evil. Another popular response is What Defines a Hero Essay, that we are born good, but society causes us to behave otherwise. Third, What happens to a person at death? Many will say that a person's death is just the disorganization of matter.

Increasingly people in our culture are saying that death brings reincarnation or realization of oneness. [Also See The Answer to Death] Fourth, How do you determine what is right and wrong? Often we hear it said that ethics are relative or situational. Others assert that we have no free choice since we are entirely determined. Some simply derive oughts from what is. And of course history has shown us the tragic results of a might makes right answer. Fifth, How do you know that you know? Some say that the mind is the center of our source of knowledge. Things are only known deductively. Others claim that knowledge is only found in what anxiety the senses. We know only what is perceived.

Sixth, What is the meaning of history? One answer is that history is determined as part of a mechanistic universe. Another answer is that history is a linear stream of events linked by cause and effect but without purpose. Yet another answer is that history is meaningless because life is absurd. The alert Christian will quickly recognize that the preceding answers are contrary to his beliefs. There are definite, sometimes startling differences. World views are in collision. Thus we should know at least something about the world views that are central to the conflict. What Defines Essay? And we should certainly be able to articulate a Christian world view. Examples of World Views.

In his excellent book, The Universe Next Door , James Sire catalogs the most influential world views of the is existential anxiety, past and present. Is Homework All Pain Gain? Essay? These are Christian Theism, Deism, Naturalism, Nihilism, Existentialism, Eastern Pantheism, and New Age or New Consciousness. Deism, a prominent world view during the eighteenth century, has almost entirely left the what anxiety, scene. The Deist believes in Is Homework All Pain Gain? Essay God, but that God created and what then abandoned the universe. Nihilism, a more recent world view, is alive among many young people and some intellectuals. Nihilists see no value to reality; life is and unity, absurd. Existentialism is prominent and can be seen frequently, even among unwitting Christians. What Is Existential? The Existentialist, like the Nihilist, sees life as absurd, but sees man as totally free to meaning make himself in the face of this absurdity.

Christian Theism, Naturalism, and New Age Pantheism are the most influential world views presently in the United States. What Is Existential Anxiety? Now we will survey each of them. Let's return to the six questions we asked earlier and briefly see how the Christian Theist might answer them. Question: Why is service meaning, there something rather than nothing? Answer: There is an infinite-personal God who has created the what is existential anxiety, universe out of herbert nothing. Question: How do you explain human nature? Answer: Man was originally created good in God's image, but chose to sin and is existential thus infected all of humanity with what is called a sin nature. So man has been endowed with value by Essay about The on Canada, his creator, but his negative behavior is in league with his nature. [See Original Sin..

Fact Or Fable?] Question: What happens to a person at death? Answer: Death is what, either the gate to life with God or to eternal separation from Him. The destination is dependent upon the response we give to God's provision for Regarding Foreign Education Essay, our sinfulness. Question: How do you determine what is right and what is existential anxiety wrong? Answer: The guidelines for conduct are revealed by civil, God. Question: How do you know that you know?

Answer: Reason and experience can be legitimate teachers, but a transcendent source is necessary. We know some things only because we are told by God through the is existential, Bible. Question: What is the meaning of history? Answer: History is a linear and meaningful sequence of All Pain and No Gain? Essay events leading to the fulfillment of God's purposes for man. Christian Theism had a long history in Western culture. This does not mean that all individuals who have lived in Western culture have been Christians. It simply means that this world view was dominant; it was the most influential. And this was true even among non-Christians. This is no longer valid.

Western culture has experienced a transition to what is called Naturalism. Even though Naturalism in various forms is ancient, we will use the term to refer to is existential anxiety a world view that has had considerable influence in a relatively short time within Western culture. The seeds were planted in the seventeenth century and began to flower in the eighteenth. Most of civil service meaning us have been exposed to Naturalism through Marxism and what is called Secular Humanism. What are the basic tenets of this world view? First, God is irrelevant. This tenet helps us better understand the what is existential anxiety, term Naturalism; it is in direct contrast to Is Homework Essay Christian Theism, which is based on supernaturalism . Second, progress and evolutionary change are inevitable. Third, man is autonomous, self-centered, and will save himself. Fourth, education is the guide to life; intelligence and is existential freedom guarantee full human potential. Fifth, science is the ultimate provider both for knowledge and herbert morals.

These tenets have permeated our lives. They are apparent, for example, in the media, government, and education. We should be alert constantly to their influence. After World War II Postmodernism began to anxiety replace the confidence of Naturalism. With it came the Defines, conclusion that truth, in any real sense, doesn't exist. Is Existential? This may be the What Defines Essay, next major world view, or anti-world view, that will infect the culture. It is presently the what is existential anxiety, rage on many of and unity our college campuses. In the what anxiety, meantime, though, the a Hero Essay, past few decades have brought us another ancient world view dressed in Western clothing.

New Age Pantheism. Various forms of Pantheism have been prominent in Eastern cultures for thousands of what is existential years. But it began to have an Defines effect on our culture in the 1950s. There had been various attempts to introduce its teachings before then, but those attempts did not arouse the interest that was stirred in that decade. It is now most readily observed in what is called the what is existential, New Age Movement. What are the basic tenets of this world view? First, all is one. There are no ultimate distinctions between humans, animals, or the rest of creation. Second, since all is one, all is god. All of life has a spark of divinity. Third, if all is one and all is god, then each of us is god.

Fourth, humans must discover their own divinity by experiencing a change in consciousness. We suffer from a collective form of metaphysical amnesia. Fifth, humans travel through indefinite cycles of birth, death, and reincarnation in order to work off what is called bad karma. Sixth, New Age disciples think in and No Gain? Essay terms of gray, not black and is existential anxiety white. Thus they believe that two conflicting statements can both be true. On the popular level these tenets are presently asserted through various media, such as books, magazines, television, and movies. Perhaps the most visible teacher is Shirley MacLaine. But these beliefs are also found increasingly among i ntellectuals in fields such as medicine, psychology, sociology, and education. We have very briefly scanned the subject of world views.

Let's return to a definition we affirmed in the beginning of unique and unity this article: A world view provides a model of the world which guides its adherents in anxiety the world . If your model of the service, world includes an infinite-personal God, as in what is existential Christian Theism, that belief should provide guidance for your life. If your model rejects God, as in Naturalism, again such a belief serves as a guide. Is Homework All Pain And No Gain? Essay? Or if your model asserts that you are god, as in New Age Pantheism, yet again your life is is existential anxiety, being guided by spencer biography, such a conception. These examples should remind us that we are living in a culture that puts us in what touch constantly with such ideas, and many more. They cannot all be true. Thus some of us may be confronted with the need to think more deeply than we ever have before. Is Homework And No Gain? Essay? Some of us may need to purge those things from our lives that are contrary to the world view of Christian Theism. Some of us may need to better understand that our thoughts are to be unified with daily life.

Some of us may need to better understand that the good life and what is existential hope and meaning are found only herbert biography, through God's answers. Some of us may need to what is existential anxiety let God's ideas guide our thoughts more completely. And some of us may need to let God's guidelines guide our actions more fully. Paul's admonition to herbert spencer biography the believers in ancient Colossae couldn't be more contemporary or helpful in light of what is existential anxiety our discussion. He wrote: See to herbert spencer it that no one takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the tradition of men, according to the elementary principles of the what anxiety, world, rather than according to Christ (Col. 2:8). 1. James W. Sire, The Universe Next Door (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1988), 17.

2. W. Gary Phillips and William E. Brown, Making Sense of Your World (Chicago: Moody Press, 1991), 29. 3. Brian J. Walsh and J. Richard Middleton, The Transforming Vision (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1984), 32. 4. Arthur F. Holmes, Contours of a World View (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983), 5. Worldviews Some Basics. But some may object that such a view of herbert spencer biography Christianity is too intellectual or esoteric, or might say that Christianity by its very nature doesn't allow being forced into some set of philosophical ideas. It's true that one can present an what is existential anxiety overly philosophical picture of Christianity, one that makes it seem very remote from real life. But does that invalidate the cognitive element? Note that the apostle Paul had no problem with considering the Is Homework and No Essay, rational aspect of the is existential, faith. There must be knowledge of Christianity in order to service live it out. Is Existential Anxiety? Read Eph. Is Homework And No? 1:17,18.

In Colossians we see how Paul gave his readers intellectual grounds for rejecting the philosophy of the anxiety, day (cf. 1:9ff). There are a couple of reasons for thinking of Christianity in What Defines world view terms. Over a hundred years ago church historian James Orr called for such a perspective because first, Christianity does involve a lot of interconnected beliefs which cannot be picked and chosen in what a cafeteria-style fashion. He says, He who with his whole heart believes in Jesus as the Son of God is thereby committed to much else besides. He is service meaning, committed to a view of God, to a view of man, to a view of sin, to what a view of Redemption, to a view of the purpose of God in creation and history, to a view of human destiny, found only in Christianity. This forms a 'Weltanschauung,' or 'Christian view of the Appeals Education, world,' which stands in marked contrast with theories wrought out from a purely philosophical or scientific standpoint. Christianity, thus, by its nature forms a worldview. Second, Orr says, since Christianity as a whole is under attack, it must be defended as a whole; not just as individual doctrines but the is existential anxiety, whole concept of supernatural, revealed religion. The opposition which Christianity has to encounter, says Orr, is no longer confined to special doctrines or to points of supposed conflict with the natural sciences--for example, the Essay Plains on Canada, relations of Genesis and geology--but extends to the whole manner of conceiving of the world and what is existential of man's place in it, the manner of conceiving of the entire system of things, natural and moral, of which we form a part. How shall we evaluate a worldview?

We have every right to expect that a true description of reality will be rational, be supported by evidence, provide the widest explanation for all of reality, and accord with human experience. Regarding its rational nature, it must both not contradict itself and be coherent as a system. Regarding evidence, it must not only be consistent with and explain the facts of nature and history, but it must give an adequate explanation for special occurrences in history (I'm thinking here specifically of the person and Is Homework Gain? Essay work of Jesus, including His life, death, and resurrection). A worldview answers the why question in its ability to explain what we see around and within ourselves. Is Existential Anxiety? Regarding human experience, it must both explain what we know of ourselves and answer our deepest longings and Essay about on Canada aspirations. Furthermore, we should not be surprised at supernatural elements such as miracles and prophecies, and what is existential reports of such should withstand investigation as far as we're able. Finally any truths revealed which couldn't be known otherwise--even though transcending what we can know on our own and being difficult to and unity understand--should not conclusively contradict what we know in the range of what is existential anxiety human experience. Let's turn now to a consideration of our four worldviews.

Several factors were involved in this transition. One was the flowering of science, specifically Newtonian physics, which supposedly gave a rational, orderly explanation of the world, thereby removing the mysterious, supernatural elements. Another factor was the religious wars a century or two before which had a souring effect on people's attitudes about organized religion. Finally, there was a growing awareness of Obama’s Appeals Language other peoples and religions which made Christianity seem provincial rather than universal. Divine law gave way to natural law. Now there was revealed religion coming from God, and what is existential natural religion discovered in nature. Essay About On Canada? And natural religion, believed to be neutral and universal, became the norm for what could be accepted as true revealed religion. How was it that deists retained belief in God? According to one writer, the Newtonian view of the what is existential, cosmos seemed to demand a God; the intricate order of the universe suggested an intelligent designer.

In fact, this made God seem bigger than ever. However, God was removed from an active part in human affairs. His transcendence was emphasized at and unity the expense of His immanence. Also, although God was the author of natural law, He receded behind the battery of what anxiety secondary causes with which men have daily to do. God was seen as too big to be involved in the trivial experiences of man's life. There was no real concern on God's part for the details of our lives and no divine purpose in history. Knowledge of God was emptied of service most of what its concrete religious connotations.

Contrasted with Christian Theism. Second, deists saw man as just a part of the about Hudson Plains on Canada, clockwork universe, operating according to strict laws. While man was recognized as a creation of God and made in His image, he wasn't seen as essentially a sinner. Gone was the anxiety, sense of the drama of human interaction with God over concerns about sin and grace and judgment. Obama’s Regarding Language Essay? Man was now in charge of himself.

However, he was not truly free for man was locked in the natural system of cause and anxiety effect. Third, because the world was not seen as fallen, but rather as God created it to be, the natural order reflected what was good and right. As Pope said, One truth is clear, whatever is, is right. Unique? Not every deist went this far, however. Ethics was very important to deists; they didn't turn morality over to the subjective realm. But wrongdoing wasn't against God so much as against some abstract ethical principles discernible in nature. However, the halfway position of deism made it incapable of standing as a serious worldview for is existential anxiety, very long. Deists believed they knew things about God, but they were limited to empirical knowledge; that is, knowledge obtained through nature. If we only herbert spencer biography, gain knowledge from nature, we cannot see the whole picture, and what anxiety there are certainly things about God which can't be known unless He tells us (which is what revelation is). It would seem that they were presupposing certain things about God learned from special revelation without giving credit where it was due. Thus, one needed to either keep God in the picture and acknowledge His significance, or remove Him altogether.

The latter was the response of naturalism. Since that worldview was considered in the previous article, we'll move next to nihilism, a frame of mind growing out of naturalism. Now that God was pushed to the edge of human experience, why not remove Him altogether? He had lost all practical value; why believe in Him at What a Hero all? Thus was ushered in naturalism, the belief that there is only one order of existence and that is nature; there is no supernatural order. This view was discussed in what is existential anxiety the earlier article, so I won't develop it here. Many, however, didn't see the clear benefits of this freedom.

Naturalism produced an emptiness it couldn't fill. Are we really just another stage of evolutionary development? Is this present reality all there is? Is there no permanent, transcendent value in the universe? The worldview--or perhaps we should say, mindset-- which emerged was nihilism . Nihilism isn't really a philosophy because it doesn't present any kind of unique a systematic conception of the world. It is more anti-philosophy than philosophy because it is essentially denial--denial of real value in anything. There is no real right and wrong, no beauty, no knowledge, etc.

A name very often associated with nihilism is that of Friedrich Nietzsche, the 19th century philosopher. What? Having decided that God was dead, Nietzsche saw that with God's death went the high values of Western man which were based upon belief in God. Unique? He also recognized the is existential anxiety, loss of freedom which this loss entailed. That we are just the natural products of a Hero evolution, just materialistic bodies and minds means that there is what is existential anxiety, no real freedom at all. We are determined parts of a determined universe. Another explanation for the rise of nihilism brings in the social and political elements. After going through many isms this century, many people have decided that one simply cannot put one's confidence in any of meaning them, so they simply adopt a basic pragmatism, the idea that workability is all that matters. German theologian Helmut Thielicke made this comment:

In a world that is saturated and what is existential infested with pragmatism, the question inevitably arises whether everything is not pseudo, whether everything is not--at best--a productive lie, and thus whether at the tail end of this parade of idols there is Nothing , a Nothing which is always dressed up in some new ideology, but still nothing but nothingness. James Sire mentions Breath , a play by Samuel Beckett, as a prime example of nihilism in theater. There are no actors, just a pile of rubbish on the stage. The light on the stage dims, then brightens, then dims again. And No Gain?? There are no words, only a 'recorded' cry opening the play, an inhaled breath, an exhaled breath and an identical 'recorded' cry closing the play.

For Beckett life is what, such a 'breath.' Nihilism, then, is a philosophy of loss; those who toy with it as a trendy worldview either don't understand it or haven't tried to. As one writer said, Nietzsche replaces easy-going atheism with agonized atheism. Contrasted with Christian Theism. But all this is to say what the nihilist already knows! Sincere nihilists haven't just adopted this worldview because they like to be trendy. And No? They are simply reflecting back in their words the way they see the world, and is existential they grieve over it.

How can we respond to Defines a Hero nihilism? We can start out by pointing out the existential inconsistencies nihilists exhibit. For one thing, although they say there is no meaning to is existential anxiety anything, they indicate what they think is meaningful by the time and effort they put into herbert spencer, various activities. The art of nihilism, such as Dada , for example, attempts to say something; it is purported to have meaning . If it doesn't mean anything, it can't convey the is existential anxiety, image of the world nihilism wants to reveal. Second, all their assertions about meaninglessness are supposed to be statements about the way the world is . But if there is no knowledge, nihilists can't know the way the world is. Third, it simply flies in the face of everything our being seems to require--meaning, value and dignity being three examples. Very few people can live out a completely nihilistic worldview. The most thoroughgoing cynics will apply themselves to something --even if it's small--which they consider meaningful, even if it is crying out against the meaninglessness of life.

To feel the despair of the loss of meaning and value indicates that one really wants such things. What can the nihilist do? He can take his life so he doesn't have to face such an absurd world. He can keep on living but keep his philosophy of no value and his life of What Essay value-seeking separate. Or he can look for something to give life value and meaning. In existentialism we find a worldview which seeks to find meaning in what anxiety an absurd universe. To that we now turn. Existentialism is a worldview (or really a collection of worldviews) which holds, in Language essence, that our choices determine what we are. We create our own meaning and value. Existence precedes essence , it is said. What we do, the what, choices we make, determine our essence.

Existentialists, thus, seek to create their own meaning in a meaningless world. (I should note here that there are theistic and Regarding Foreign Language Essay atheistic forms of existentialism. Here we will only consider the atheistic variety.) The real problem, they thought, was a false understanding of the human condition itself which kept people from true happiness. We are alone in a vast and scary universe that doesn't care a whit about us. This realization produces anguish, an interplay between a sense of dread on one hand and the exhilaration of complete freedom on the other. Is Existential? We don't know why we exist or what our destiny is; we aren't told where we come from or given the value of anything. It is all up to us--to me --to decide.

Even though I can have no confidence that the universe will suit itself to my ideas and desires, I must do something--I must act. Obama’s Foreign Language Essay? I am condemned to make of myself whatever I can. And to be authentic I must be true to myself and my own chosen values above all. Existentialism, then, is first of all a theory of value. It focuses on the human condition and is existential what makes for service meaning, a good life. This has made it popular with many who are sensitive to the plight of humanity living in a very impersonal world. Existentialism proved to be very attractive in what anxiety this country in the '60s. It gave individuals the freedom to herbert toss aside convention and tradition and make their own rules.

We see traces of it in the prevalent notion that we, individually, are the final authorities for what anxiety, value in unique our own lives, in our emphasis on experience over is existential anxiety reason, in our live-for-the moment attitude. The theme of turning one's back on about The Plains traditional morality in favor of determining one's own life was seen in the movie Pleasantville, the story of two young people who are transported into the world of Pleasantville, a black and white TV show. Is Existential? Their lives only turn into about Hudson Plains on Canada, color when they begin to express their sexuality. The girl eventually finds herself in the healthy area of academics, but this is a choice she alone makes; she is in anxiety charge of her own existence. Contrasted with Christian Theism. There's nothing wrong with taking note of our predicament, with noting the dangers to life, and with being resolved to stand firm in the face of a seemingly absurd world.

The problems come with believing we are all alone, and that the civil meaning, burden of our lives rests upon is existential us. God has taken on the burden of our present and Is Homework and No Gain? Essay future lives. Is Existential Anxiety? We aren't on our own. With existentialism there is no basis for judging actions or for making the major decisions of life beyond the simple affirmation, I choose it. It is Obama’s Education, rather easy for us to anxiety consider the worldviews already discussed from a distance.

Probably few who read this article are deists or nihilists or even existentialists. What? These can be safely tucked away in the cupboard of tried and forgotten worldviews by most of us (even though many of us can find elements of is existential anxiety one or another in our own thinking). Essay About On Canada? The situation is quite different with respect to postmodernism, the last worldview we'll consider, because it describes the basic mindset of is existential anxiety turn-of-the-century Western mankind. We are all immersed in the sea of unique postmodernism whether we know it or not, and its presuppositions are rooted so deeply in our thinking that even those who are Christians often reveal postmodern attitudes. Postmodernists believe that when knowledge was reduced to computation, something was lost. There were several problems with Enlightenment rationalism. What Is Existential Anxiety? First, newfound knowledge gained through science and the resulting development of technology led people to Regarding Essay think that man could solve the major difficulties of what is existential life without any transcendent help.

It was found, however, that reason didn't have the potency it was thought to Essay on Canada have. With all our learning and technology, we still didn't have the power we desired over our lives. What Is Existential Anxiety? Natural disasters and Regarding Foreign Language Education major wars such as the two World Wars in this century made people realize that we aren't able to fix everything that ailed us simply through reason. These and other factors such as new mysteries discovered by science served to undermine our ability to really know what is true. In fact, postmodernists veer away from the classical understanding of truth, that is, the correspondence of propositions with external reality. Some very influential postmodernists now espouse pragmatism, the belief that workability is all that can be hoped for. This, I would venture to say, is how many if not most Americans think today. Another postmodern characteristic regarding truth is this. In keeping with its rejection of the individualistic attitude characteristic of modernism, postmodernism holds that truth isn't found in the workings of the individual mind, but in the group. What Is Existential? As one writer noted, Truth consists in herbert spencer biography the ground rules that facilitate personal well-being in community and the well-being of the community as a whole.

Our thinking like all other aspects of our being is shaped by our community. What Is Existential Anxiety? Politically and sociologically this means, for example, that the unique and unity, individual is anxiety, expected to conform in his or her thinking to Obama’s Appeals Regarding Foreign Language Education Essay that of the is existential, larger group. Still another problem which resulted from the secularized nature of knowledge and from the loss of confidence in knowing truth in herbert spencer general was the loss of the knowledge of ultimate truths. There can be no totalising metanarratives, that is, no big stories or explanations of the way things are which encompass everything. This can be both liberating and frightening: liberating in the sense that one needn't feel bound by any system of is existential thought; frightening in the sense that we are in the dark about herbert, what is true. This is a bit like eating in a cafeteria where one can choose from a variety of foods without having any confidence in anxiety the nourishing value of any of it. A second problem with Enlightenment rationalism was the separation of fact from herbert biography, value.

The mathematical mindset of Enlightenment didn't permit the intrusion of judgments about value; that was something separate. What grounds were left, then, upon which to make judgments? Thus the ethical dilemma of postmodernism: How does one make judgments without having any grounds for judgment? One writer argues that the Holocaust itself was a model of is existential Enlightenment thinking. In the world of the death camps, says author Thomas Docherty, everything was rationalized. There was the desire to master nature seen in determining which races and kinds of people should survive and which shouldn't. The process was very orderly and and unity efficient. What? The tools of and unity technology, also, were used efficiently to advance the what is existential anxiety, Nazi cause.

They even used reason as their greatest ally in accomplishing their goals. Thus, the ideals of Enlightenment rationalism could be put to fundamentally evil purposes. Third, with the civil service meaning, secularization of what reason in the Enlightenment there developed a growing pessimism about the future. Meaning? With no transcendent Being to consult, who was to know where history was going? And who was to say whether the direction being taken was truly progress ? No longer do we know with any certainty the what anxiety, point towards which history is supposedly progressing, says Docherty. Humanity has embarked upon a secular movement whose teleology is uncertain.

Postmodernism, then, leaves us without knowledge of ultimate truths, with no basis for value judgement, and with no basis for confidence in the future. In general, then, the civil service meaning, postmodern mood is what anxiety, pessimistic. Obama’s Appeals Regarding Language Education Essay? How, then, do we know what we should believe and do? With no knowledge of why we're here or where we're going to guide us, and no grounds for is existential, determining value coming from some transcendent source, people have grown to believe that we must simply choose for service, ourselves what will be true for us. The will is now introduced into knowledge.

The questions postmodernists ask are: What do I choose to believe? and What do I choose to do? The postmodern mindset has shown itself in anxiety several areas of Essay about The Hudson Plains on Canada life. One is a change in understanding language. Language is what is existential anxiety, now thought to be socially constructed; it conveys what the group says it does. Literature, then, is understood as reflecting the biases of a writer and his cultural group: the writer was obviously saying what would benefit himself or his group. It's up to the reader, then to deconstruct the What, text to find the real meaning. Since the writer is what anxiety, trying to perpetuate his will on the reader, the reader adopts a suspicious mindset and looks for political demons behind every tree. Since the meaning of a text is determined by the reader, a text can have as many interpretations as readers.

In art, there was a move to the abstract, because it was thought that we couldn't accurately represent the essence of herbert spencer whatever the object is being painted, for what anxiety, instance. Those things which couldn't be represented accurately had to be presented abstractly. Also, since there are no rules anymore in spencer biography general, there are none which define or delimit good art. The artist discovers what she's doing as she does it. Architecture was one of the first areas in which postmodernism showed its face. With the demise of a modernism which always looked to what is existential anxiety the future, and, again, the loss of Obama’s Regarding Foreign Education any rules, architecture moved from what is existential anxiety, a functionalistic, forward-looking style to an eclectic style. Old buildings are restored, since the past can be appreciated, too. Several different styles can be mixed together.

As one writer said, postmodern design is historically and civil service stylistically pluralistic. Earlier I spoke of the fact that even Christians espouse postmodern beliefs without realizing it. It is what, so much a part of the thinking of young people today that even some in the church accept without even thinking about it a true for you but not for and unity, me mindset. A young woman who taught high school Sunday School at what is existential anxiety an evangelical Baptist church in Dallas told a newspaper reporter that she believed what the Bible taught, but that it wasn't necessarily true for everyone. Perhaps she doesn't understand the claims of Scripture, but more likely she has fit Christianity into the framework of my truth, your truth. Contrasted with Christian Theism. As I've noted, postmodernism is a mood rather than a full-fledged worldview. Obama’s Appeals Language Essay? Something must fill the vacuum created by the demise of is existential modernism. This is what excites some Christian thinkers. For now the door blocking out the supernatural has been thrown open, providing an avenue for Christians to announce the and unity, good news that in Christ is found truth, value, and what is existential hope for the future, indeed, for all the human race. James W. Sire's The Universe Next Door (3rd ed., InterVarsity Press, 1997), has provided an almost indispensable guide in understanding worldviews.

The choice of views considered in this program were taken from Is Homework All Pain and No Gain? Essay, this text. James Orr, The Christian View of God and the World (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1948), 3. Orr, 6,7. [I pray] that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of Him. I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you may know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints. What Is Existential Anxiety? Orr, 4. Ibid., 4. Waring, v-viii. Ibid., x. Ibid., xiii. Unique? Ibid., xiii. Sire, 44. Ibid., 46. Quoted in is existential anxiety Sire, 48.

Thielicke, 25. Unique And Unity? Ibid., 29. Sire, 76. Bloom, quoted in Sire, 93. Robert C. Solomon, ed., Existentialism (New York: The Modern Library, 1974), ix. Published in English by the University of Minnesota Press, 1984. Docherty, 1,2.

One theologian of our day sees modernism as having ended on what is existential anxiety July 15, 1972 when a housing project based upon Essay modernistic principles of functionality was demolished. Still another marks its demise with the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989. What? Cf. Service? Gene Edward Veith, Postmodern Times: A Christian Guide to Contemporary Thought and what anxiety Culture (Wheaton, IL; 1994), 27,39. Perhaps this wide time span points to What Essay the way philosophies can take years to come to is existential anxiety fruition in the public sphere. Thomas Docherty, ed., Postmodernism: A Reader (New York: Columbia Univ. Meaning? Press, 1993), 5. Docherty, 5. Stanley J. Grenz, A Primer on Postmodernism (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996), 14. For more on this the what is existential anxiety, reader might wish to consult my article Where Did I Go?: The Loss of the Self in Postmodern Times. Docherty, 26. Ibid., 12,13. Ibid., 10.

Ibid., 6. Veith, 114. Mary A. Jacobs, Truths Under Construction, Dallas Morning News , 31 May, 1997. Another major difference is over the matter of human nature and identity. Is Homework All Pain? In postmodern thought, the self is lost, whereas Christian theology sees us as distinct individuals with permanent identities (even though we might experience changes in what our personalities, vocations, lifestyles, etc.).